MiR profile could be associated to CV risk, and also to prognosis/outcome in response to therapeutic approach. We aimed to evaluate if anti-hypertensive drugs enalapril, losartan or olmesartan have effects on monocyte miR profile in essential hypertensives without target organ involvement. For this purpose, 82 hypertensives and 49 controls were included; we evaluated SBP/DBP, lipid profile, glucose, CRP, fibrinogen, arterial stiffness indices (PWV; AIx), and cIMT at baseline (T0) and after 24 weeks of treatment (T1). Subjects with LDL-C 160 mg/dL, TG 200 mg/dL, BMI 30, and other additional CV risk factors were excluded. Patients who were prescribed to receive once-a-day enalapril 20 mg, losartan 100 mg or olmesartan 20 mg were eligible for the study. At T1, we found a significant improvement of SBP (-18.5%), DBP (-18%), HDL-C and LDL-C (+3% and -5.42%), glucose (-2.15%), BMI (-3.23%), fibrinogen (-11%), CRP (-17.5%, ), AIx (-49.1%) PWV (-32.2%), and monocyte miR expression (miR-221: -28.4%; miR-222: -36%; miR-145: +41.7%) with respect to baseline. miR profile was compared to control subjects at baseline and at T1. We found some little difference in the behaviour of the three treatments on some variables: olmesartan was the most effective in reducing fibrinogen, DBP, CRP, and AIx (-13.1%, -19.3%, -21.4%, and -56.8%, respectively). Enalapril was the drug more significantly increasing the expression of miR-145. In conclusion, enalapril, losartan and olmesartan are effective in improving mechanical and humoral factors associated to AS and atherogenesis. These drugs appear to be able to modify miRs 221/222 and miR-145 expression in drug-naïve hypertensives, making it closer to that of control subjects; additionally, this provides a good blood pressure compensation, contributing to slow the progression of vascular damage.

Expression and change of mirs 145, 221 and 222 in hypertensive subjects treated with enalapril, losartan or olmesartan

Mandraffino G.;Lo Gullo A.;Cinquegrani M.;D'Ascola A.;Sinicropi D.;Imbalzano E.;Blando G.;Campo G. M.;Morace C.;Campo S.;Squadrito G.;Scuruchi M.
2021

Abstract

MiR profile could be associated to CV risk, and also to prognosis/outcome in response to therapeutic approach. We aimed to evaluate if anti-hypertensive drugs enalapril, losartan or olmesartan have effects on monocyte miR profile in essential hypertensives without target organ involvement. For this purpose, 82 hypertensives and 49 controls were included; we evaluated SBP/DBP, lipid profile, glucose, CRP, fibrinogen, arterial stiffness indices (PWV; AIx), and cIMT at baseline (T0) and after 24 weeks of treatment (T1). Subjects with LDL-C 160 mg/dL, TG 200 mg/dL, BMI 30, and other additional CV risk factors were excluded. Patients who were prescribed to receive once-a-day enalapril 20 mg, losartan 100 mg or olmesartan 20 mg were eligible for the study. At T1, we found a significant improvement of SBP (-18.5%), DBP (-18%), HDL-C and LDL-C (+3% and -5.42%), glucose (-2.15%), BMI (-3.23%), fibrinogen (-11%), CRP (-17.5%, ), AIx (-49.1%) PWV (-32.2%), and monocyte miR expression (miR-221: -28.4%; miR-222: -36%; miR-145: +41.7%) with respect to baseline. miR profile was compared to control subjects at baseline and at T1. We found some little difference in the behaviour of the three treatments on some variables: olmesartan was the most effective in reducing fibrinogen, DBP, CRP, and AIx (-13.1%, -19.3%, -21.4%, and -56.8%, respectively). Enalapril was the drug more significantly increasing the expression of miR-145. In conclusion, enalapril, losartan and olmesartan are effective in improving mechanical and humoral factors associated to AS and atherogenesis. These drugs appear to be able to modify miRs 221/222 and miR-145 expression in drug-naïve hypertensives, making it closer to that of control subjects; additionally, this provides a good blood pressure compensation, contributing to slow the progression of vascular damage.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11570/3207093
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