The wear behaviour and chemical composition of orthodontic components influence the mechanical characteristics of a fixed orthodontic treatment. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the surface alterations of different types of brackets (aesthetic, metallic, and conventional self-ligating) and archwires (superelastic and thermal) subjected to wear tests through optical microscopy and, subsequently, to identify the chemical elements of accessories by X-ray fluorescence. The cycles (5000 for each bracket and 10,000 for each wire) of the tribological test were carried out in dry conditions inside a machine that allows alternating sliding. The results of the study highlighted different wear behaviours even within the same type of brackets and archwires. The monocrystalline sapphire brackets maintain their aesthetic properties despite traces of wear inside the slots and contain minimal amounts of nickel. Superelastic NiTi archwires have a better overall rating than thermal wires, as they do not show significant surface wear alterations.

Qualitative and Quantitative Evaluation of Different Types of Orthodontic Brackets and Archwires by Optical Microscopy and X-ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy

D’Andrea, Danilo;Milone, Dario;Nicita, Fabiana;Risitano, Giacomo;Santonocito, Dario
2021

Abstract

The wear behaviour and chemical composition of orthodontic components influence the mechanical characteristics of a fixed orthodontic treatment. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the surface alterations of different types of brackets (aesthetic, metallic, and conventional self-ligating) and archwires (superelastic and thermal) subjected to wear tests through optical microscopy and, subsequently, to identify the chemical elements of accessories by X-ray fluorescence. The cycles (5000 for each bracket and 10,000 for each wire) of the tribological test were carried out in dry conditions inside a machine that allows alternating sliding. The results of the study highlighted different wear behaviours even within the same type of brackets and archwires. The monocrystalline sapphire brackets maintain their aesthetic properties despite traces of wear inside the slots and contain minimal amounts of nickel. Superelastic NiTi archwires have a better overall rating than thermal wires, as they do not show significant surface wear alterations.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11570/3214278
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