The almond industry produces, by bleaching and stripping, two by-products: blanched skin (BS) and blanch water (BW). The aim of this study was to investigate the nutritional and polyphenolic profile, as well as the antioxidant, antimicrobial, antiviral, and potential prebiotic effects of BS and BW from three different Sicilian cultivars. The total phenols and flavonoids contents were >= 1.72 and >= 0.56 g gallic acid equivalents and >= 0.52 and >= 0.18 g rutin equivalents/100 g dry extract (DE) in BS and BW, respectively. The antioxidant activity, evaluated by 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl scavenging ability, trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity, ferric-reducing antioxidant power, and oxygen radical absorbance capacity, was >= 3.07 and >= 0.83 g trolox equivalent/100 g DE in BS and BW, respectively. Isorhamnetin-3-O-glucoside was the most abundant flavonoid detected in both by-products. No antimicrobial effect was recorded, whereas BS samples exerted antiviral activity against herpes simplex virus 1 (EC50 160.96 mu g/mL). BS also showed high fibre (>= 52.67%) and protein (>= 10.99) contents and low fat (<= 15.35%) and sugars (<= 5.55%), making it nutritionally interesting. The present study proved that the cultivar is not a discriminating factor in determining the chemical and biological properties of BS and BW.

Composition and Biological Properties of Blanched Skin and Blanch Water Belonging to Three Sicilian Almond Cultivars

Ingegneri, Mariarosaria
Primo
;
Smeriglio, Antonella
Secondo
;
Rando, Rossana;Gervasi, Teresa;Tamburello, Maria Pia;Ginestra, Giovanna;La Camera, Erminia;Pennisi, Rosamaria;Sciortino, Maria Teresa;Mandalari, Giuseppina
Penultimo
;
Trombetta, Domenico
Ultimo
2023-01-01

Abstract

The almond industry produces, by bleaching and stripping, two by-products: blanched skin (BS) and blanch water (BW). The aim of this study was to investigate the nutritional and polyphenolic profile, as well as the antioxidant, antimicrobial, antiviral, and potential prebiotic effects of BS and BW from three different Sicilian cultivars. The total phenols and flavonoids contents were >= 1.72 and >= 0.56 g gallic acid equivalents and >= 0.52 and >= 0.18 g rutin equivalents/100 g dry extract (DE) in BS and BW, respectively. The antioxidant activity, evaluated by 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl scavenging ability, trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity, ferric-reducing antioxidant power, and oxygen radical absorbance capacity, was >= 3.07 and >= 0.83 g trolox equivalent/100 g DE in BS and BW, respectively. Isorhamnetin-3-O-glucoside was the most abundant flavonoid detected in both by-products. No antimicrobial effect was recorded, whereas BS samples exerted antiviral activity against herpes simplex virus 1 (EC50 160.96 mu g/mL). BS also showed high fibre (>= 52.67%) and protein (>= 10.99) contents and low fat (<= 15.35%) and sugars (<= 5.55%), making it nutritionally interesting. The present study proved that the cultivar is not a discriminating factor in determining the chemical and biological properties of BS and BW.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/3259428
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