uring recent years, Sicily has experienced an intense and continuous development of the activities of sea fish farming, particularly of: Dicentrarchus labrax, Sparus aurata, Diplodus puntazzo, Dentex dentex, Seriola dumerili and, recently, also Thunnus thynnus; currently, it represents an important centre of production in the Mediterranean area because of the large number of installations and production facilities. This sector is full of innovation and is becoming increasingly integrated with the fishing sector, which is more and more conditioned by the restrictive measures imposed by policies for the protection of fish stocks. Due to the crisis in maritime fishing, in fact, fish farming helps to satisfy home demand for fish products, limiting the increase of imports and creating, at the same time, employment opportunities. Despite consumers' preference for Sicilian produce, the ever growing exposure to competition from emerging economies dictates the improvement of diversification policies in specific areas of production and encourages high level quality certification of products in order to protect consumers and to make a better impression on the market in comparison to competing firms. Out of 152 enterprises operating in Italy, in brackish waters, approximately 10% are situated in Sicily; where there are 22 installations, spread along the coastline of the whole island, while 16 more new installations are going to be opened. The European Commission has recognized the specific role of fish farming, within reforms of the Common Fisheries Policy (CFP), and has considered it essential to elaborate new strategies of sustainable development. In this document, the Commission underlined the importance, also for this sector, of the preventive evaluation of the environmental impact using the formula of Evaluation of Impact Analysis (EIA). In Italy, unlike other countries of the EU, there is no legal framework regarding the development of sea fish farming and integrated management of the coastline. Currently the question is left to the decentralized decision-making of the Regions, taking into account the prerogatives of the central State. The guidelines laid down by the Region of Sicily to evaluate the potential environmental impact of sea fish farming activities are bound to the formulation of general indications for those who want to start up fish farming activity in the sea or freshwaters. In order to measure and account for the use of natural resources indicators and statistic-accountancy tools have been developed in order to furnish information on the environment. Among these, the Pressure-State-Response (PSR) model, elaborated by the OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development), and the model of indicators of sectoral pressure give a measurement of environmental efficiency and of the improvement of performances fixed by development plans. Together with the use of monitoring models there are tools that convert objectives into tangible measures. Taking into consideration Michael Porter's chain-value theories, R. S. Kaplan and D. P. Norton, in the early 1990s, proposed the "Balanced Scorecard" with the aim of planning a reference model for the measurement of the performance of organizations and enterprises. In this paper, we analyse the use of the "Balanced Scorecard" and its applications to the integrated management of fish farming in the Region of Sicily.
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