Background: Animal models of sciatic nerve injury are commonly used to study neuropathic pain as well as axon regeneration. Inflammation/immune response at the site of nerve lesion is known to be an essential trigger of the pathological changes that have a critical impact on nerve repair and regeneration, moreover the damage to peripheral nerve can cause a loss of sensory function and produces a persistent neuropathic pain. N-acylethanolamines (NAEs) involve a family of lipid molecules existent in animal and plant, of which N-Palmitoylethanolamide (PEA) that arouses great attention owing to its anti-inflammatory, analgesic and neuroprotective activities. The modulation of specific amidases for NAEs (and in particular NAE-hydrolysing acid amidase NAAA, which is more selective for PEA) could be a condition to preserve its levels. Here we investigated, in a mice model of sciatic nerve crush, the effect of 2-Pentadecyl-2-oxazoline (PEA-OXA) the oxazoline of PEA, that reportedly modulates activity of NAAA. Methods: In this experimental model the mice, following the sciatic nerve crush, were treated daily with PEA-OXA at a dose of 10 mg Kg for 14 days. Therefore, we evaluated the effects of PEA- OXA on the degree of injury, on the inhibition of neuropathic pain, and on the inflammatory process, as in the improvement of reparative processes and therefore in the restoration of locomotor function. Results: Ours results showed that PEA-OXA (10mg/kg) treatment, daily, for 14 days after sciatic nerve crush, have an anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective effect, and moreover have an analgesic protective effect on hypersensitivity, and improve the functional recovery after nerve crush. Conclusions: Therefore, treatment with PEA-OXA as a whole has shown a protective effect, which makes it a powerful candidate for the treatment of peripheral nerve injury and neuropathic pain.

2-pentadecyl-2-oxazoline the oxazoline of Palmitoylethanolamide (PEA-OXA) a new pharmacological strategy for neuropathic pain

GUGLIANDOLO, ENRICO
2019

Abstract

Background: Animal models of sciatic nerve injury are commonly used to study neuropathic pain as well as axon regeneration. Inflammation/immune response at the site of nerve lesion is known to be an essential trigger of the pathological changes that have a critical impact on nerve repair and regeneration, moreover the damage to peripheral nerve can cause a loss of sensory function and produces a persistent neuropathic pain. N-acylethanolamines (NAEs) involve a family of lipid molecules existent in animal and plant, of which N-Palmitoylethanolamide (PEA) that arouses great attention owing to its anti-inflammatory, analgesic and neuroprotective activities. The modulation of specific amidases for NAEs (and in particular NAE-hydrolysing acid amidase NAAA, which is more selective for PEA) could be a condition to preserve its levels. Here we investigated, in a mice model of sciatic nerve crush, the effect of 2-Pentadecyl-2-oxazoline (PEA-OXA) the oxazoline of PEA, that reportedly modulates activity of NAAA. Methods: In this experimental model the mice, following the sciatic nerve crush, were treated daily with PEA-OXA at a dose of 10 mg Kg for 14 days. Therefore, we evaluated the effects of PEA- OXA on the degree of injury, on the inhibition of neuropathic pain, and on the inflammatory process, as in the improvement of reparative processes and therefore in the restoration of locomotor function. Results: Ours results showed that PEA-OXA (10mg/kg) treatment, daily, for 14 days after sciatic nerve crush, have an anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective effect, and moreover have an analgesic protective effect on hypersensitivity, and improve the functional recovery after nerve crush. Conclusions: Therefore, treatment with PEA-OXA as a whole has shown a protective effect, which makes it a powerful candidate for the treatment of peripheral nerve injury and neuropathic pain.
neuroinflammation, PEA-OXA, sciatic nerve
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/3146653
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