Retinitis punctata albescens is a rare form of pigmentary retinopathy, generally inheredited as an autosomal recessive trait. It exhibits the same clinical phenotype of a classic pigmentary retinopathy, and it is characterized by diffusely scattered white, dot-like lesions localized deep to the retinal vessels and associated with night vision decrease. Electroretinogram exams show scotopic system involvement with total extinction at advanced stages. In most cases, retinitis punctata albescens is caused by mutation in RLBP1, but several evidences have shown that variants in RHO, PRPH2 or RDH5 genes could also determine the onset of disease. Our work investigated the role of three regulative variants in the RHO gene. Two are promoter region variants, c. -51 G>A (rs2269736) and c. -26 A>G (rs7984), in heterozygosity and homozygosity respectively. The third is the 3’-UTR variant c.*140delT (rs796098464), present in heterozygosity. All variants were detected in a 4-year-old Egyptian patient with retinitis punctata albescens clinically confirmed diagnosis. The effects of previously cited variants on RHO expression were firstly predicted by several bioinformatic platforms (Genomatix Software Suite v.3.10 and geneXplain web edition 4.11, supported by TRANSFAC database), then experimentally validated by Dual-Luciferase Reporter assay. Obtained results showed that rs2269736 and rs7984 variants caused a significant expression reduction in mutated RHO promoter, compared to wild-type one. A strong decreased gene expression was hypothesized by coexistence of both variants, with a major effect exerted by the homozygous rs7984, which deleted binding sites for 47 transcription factors. Summarizing, a high downregulation of RHO was evaluated due to combination of three variants. Decrease of RHO enzymatic activity could lead to poor post-Golgi trafficking, dysregulative activation, rod outer segment instability and arrestin binding, probably determining rod apoptosis and retinitis punctata albescens etiopathogenesis.

Down-expression of RHO gene in Egyptian patient with three regulative region variants could lead to retinitis punctata albescens phenotype

Luigi Donato
Primo
;
Concetta Scimone;Simona Alibrandi;Carmela Rinaldi;Rosalia D’Angelo;Antonina Sidoti
Ultimo
2019

Abstract

Retinitis punctata albescens is a rare form of pigmentary retinopathy, generally inheredited as an autosomal recessive trait. It exhibits the same clinical phenotype of a classic pigmentary retinopathy, and it is characterized by diffusely scattered white, dot-like lesions localized deep to the retinal vessels and associated with night vision decrease. Electroretinogram exams show scotopic system involvement with total extinction at advanced stages. In most cases, retinitis punctata albescens is caused by mutation in RLBP1, but several evidences have shown that variants in RHO, PRPH2 or RDH5 genes could also determine the onset of disease. Our work investigated the role of three regulative variants in the RHO gene. Two are promoter region variants, c. -51 G>A (rs2269736) and c. -26 A>G (rs7984), in heterozygosity and homozygosity respectively. The third is the 3’-UTR variant c.*140delT (rs796098464), present in heterozygosity. All variants were detected in a 4-year-old Egyptian patient with retinitis punctata albescens clinically confirmed diagnosis. The effects of previously cited variants on RHO expression were firstly predicted by several bioinformatic platforms (Genomatix Software Suite v.3.10 and geneXplain web edition 4.11, supported by TRANSFAC database), then experimentally validated by Dual-Luciferase Reporter assay. Obtained results showed that rs2269736 and rs7984 variants caused a significant expression reduction in mutated RHO promoter, compared to wild-type one. A strong decreased gene expression was hypothesized by coexistence of both variants, with a major effect exerted by the homozygous rs7984, which deleted binding sites for 47 transcription factors. Summarizing, a high downregulation of RHO was evaluated due to combination of three variants. Decrease of RHO enzymatic activity could lead to poor post-Golgi trafficking, dysregulative activation, rod outer segment instability and arrestin binding, probably determining rod apoptosis and retinitis punctata albescens etiopathogenesis.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
downexpression-of-rho-gene-in-egyptian-patient-with-three-regulative-region-variants-could-lead-to-retinitis-pu.pdf

solo utenti autorizzati

Tipologia: Versione Editoriale (PDF)
Licenza: Tutti i diritti riservati (All rights reserved)
Dimensione 88.26 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
88.26 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
e-Poster Amsterdam 2019.pdf

solo utenti autorizzati

Descrizione: Poster
Tipologia: Versione Editoriale (PDF)
Licenza: Tutti i diritti riservati (All rights reserved)
Dimensione 806.87 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
806.87 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/3159543
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact