A comparative study of low-temperature specific heat (1.5–25 K), Cp, and low-frequency Raman scattering (<150 cm−1) has been performed in amorphous silica samples synthesized by sol–gel method (xerogels) and thermally densified in a range of densities, from to , close to the density of the melt quenched vitreous silica (v-SiO2). The present analysis concerns the application of the low-energy vibrational dynamics as an appropriate tool for monitoring the progressive thermal densification of silica gels. By comparison with v-SiO2, the Raman and thermal properties of xerogels with increasing thermal treatment temperature revealed the following important results: (i) the existence of a critical treatment temperature at about 870°C, where a homogeneous viscous sintering produces full densification of the samples. This effect is detected by the observations of the Boson peak in Raman spectra at about and of a peak in Cp(T)/T3, very close to those observed in v-SiO2; (ii) in silica xerogels treated at temperatures less than about 800°C, the low-frequency Raman scattering is greater, with a continuous decreasing unstructured shape, and the Boson peak is not detected in the spectra.

A study of Raman spectroscopy and low temperature specific heat in gel synthetized amorphous silica

CARINI, Giuseppe;D'ANGELO, Giovanna;TRIPODO, Gaspare
2001

Abstract

A comparative study of low-temperature specific heat (1.5–25 K), Cp, and low-frequency Raman scattering (<150 cm−1) has been performed in amorphous silica samples synthesized by sol–gel method (xerogels) and thermally densified in a range of densities, from to , close to the density of the melt quenched vitreous silica (v-SiO2). The present analysis concerns the application of the low-energy vibrational dynamics as an appropriate tool for monitoring the progressive thermal densification of silica gels. By comparison with v-SiO2, the Raman and thermal properties of xerogels with increasing thermal treatment temperature revealed the following important results: (i) the existence of a critical treatment temperature at about 870°C, where a homogeneous viscous sintering produces full densification of the samples. This effect is detected by the observations of the Boson peak in Raman spectra at about and of a peak in Cp(T)/T3, very close to those observed in v-SiO2; (ii) in silica xerogels treated at temperatures less than about 800°C, the low-frequency Raman scattering is greater, with a continuous decreasing unstructured shape, and the Boson peak is not detected in the spectra.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11570/1078
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