The involvement of noradrenaline (NA), neuropeptide Y, (NPY), 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), acetylcholine (ACh) and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) has been examined in the late phase of spasm after an experimental subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) in a rat model. Immunocytochemistry and radioimmunoassay of blood vessels from the circle of Willis did not show significant differences in NPY- and VIP-like immunoreactivity 2 days post SAH as compared to control vessels. The postjunctional effects of NA, NPY, 5-HT, ACh and VIP were studied two days after SAH using a sensitive in vitro system. NPY induced contractions were significantly (p less than 0.01) weaker (lower Emax) in SAH as compared to control rats while the relaxant responses to ACh and VIP were slightly increased after SAH. These observations reveal that in a rat model of SAH, with an approximately 20% in vivo constriction at two days, dynamic changes occur in cerebral artery reactivity despite any obvious change in sympathetic or parasympathetic perivascular nerve networks.

Neuropeptide Y and vasoactive intestinal peptide in experimental subarachnoid hemorrhage: immunocytochemistry, radioimmunoassay and pharmacology.

ALAFACI, Concetta;
1991

Abstract

The involvement of noradrenaline (NA), neuropeptide Y, (NPY), 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), acetylcholine (ACh) and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) has been examined in the late phase of spasm after an experimental subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) in a rat model. Immunocytochemistry and radioimmunoassay of blood vessels from the circle of Willis did not show significant differences in NPY- and VIP-like immunoreactivity 2 days post SAH as compared to control vessels. The postjunctional effects of NA, NPY, 5-HT, ACh and VIP were studied two days after SAH using a sensitive in vitro system. NPY induced contractions were significantly (p less than 0.01) weaker (lower Emax) in SAH as compared to control rats while the relaxant responses to ACh and VIP were slightly increased after SAH. These observations reveal that in a rat model of SAH, with an approximately 20% in vivo constriction at two days, dynamic changes occur in cerebral artery reactivity despite any obvious change in sympathetic or parasympathetic perivascular nerve networks.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11570/11739
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