We investigate how the phase diagram of a repulsive soft-core attractive potential, with a liquid-liquid phase transition in addition to the standard gas-liquid phase transition, changes by varying the parameters of the potential. We extend our previous work on short soft-core ranges to the case of large soft-core ranges, by using an integral equation approach in the hypernetted-chain approximation. We show, using a modified van der Waals equation we recently introduced, that if there is a balance between the attractive and repulsive part of the potential this potential has two fluid-fluid critical points well separated in temperature and in density. This implies that for the repulsive sattractived energy URsUAd and the repulsive sattractived range wRswAd the relation UR/UA~wR/wA holds for short soft-core ranges, while UR/UA~3wR/wA holds for large soft-core ranges.

Liquid-liquid phase transition for an attractive isotropic potential with wide repulsive range

MALESCIO, Gianpietro;
2005

Abstract

We investigate how the phase diagram of a repulsive soft-core attractive potential, with a liquid-liquid phase transition in addition to the standard gas-liquid phase transition, changes by varying the parameters of the potential. We extend our previous work on short soft-core ranges to the case of large soft-core ranges, by using an integral equation approach in the hypernetted-chain approximation. We show, using a modified van der Waals equation we recently introduced, that if there is a balance between the attractive and repulsive part of the potential this potential has two fluid-fluid critical points well separated in temperature and in density. This implies that for the repulsive sattractived energy URsUAd and the repulsive sattractived range wRswAd the relation UR/UA~wR/wA holds for short soft-core ranges, while UR/UA~3wR/wA holds for large soft-core ranges.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11570/1432364
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