9-(R)-[(2-Phosphonomethoxy)propyls] adenine (tenofovir), is an acyclic nucleoside phosphonate known to inhibit HIV replication in vitro and to reduce viremia in HIV-infected patients. Here we have investigated whether tenofovir is able to protect peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from healthy donors against human T-cell leukemia/lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) infection in vitro. PBMCs were pre-treated with tenofovir and infected by exposure to an irradiated cell line chronically harbouring HTLV-1. Measurements of viral DNA, as well as viral gene and protein expression, at 4 weeks after infection, revealed that tenofovir at concentrations of 1 mu M and higher completely protected PBMCs against HTLV-1; lower concentrations did not fully prevent HTLV-1 infection of the cultures. Nevertheless, in the long term, cell growth of infected PBMCs was inhibited in vitro even by 0.1 mu M tenofovir. In addition, tenofovir directly inhibited HTLV-1 reverse transcriptase activity, in a cell-free assay that utilizes a crude preparation from HTLV-1 viral particles as a source of the enzyme. The selectivity index of tenofovir for HTLV-1, was about four times higher than that of azidothymidine. Taken together our results strongly encourage further studies to investigate the real impact of tenofovir towards HTLV-1 infection.

Protective effect of the acyclic nucleoside phosphonate tenofovir toward human T-cell leukemia/lymphotropic virus type 1 infection of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells in vitro

SCIORTINO, Maria Teresa;MASTINO, Antonio;
2005

Abstract

9-(R)-[(2-Phosphonomethoxy)propyls] adenine (tenofovir), is an acyclic nucleoside phosphonate known to inhibit HIV replication in vitro and to reduce viremia in HIV-infected patients. Here we have investigated whether tenofovir is able to protect peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from healthy donors against human T-cell leukemia/lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) infection in vitro. PBMCs were pre-treated with tenofovir and infected by exposure to an irradiated cell line chronically harbouring HTLV-1. Measurements of viral DNA, as well as viral gene and protein expression, at 4 weeks after infection, revealed that tenofovir at concentrations of 1 mu M and higher completely protected PBMCs against HTLV-1; lower concentrations did not fully prevent HTLV-1 infection of the cultures. Nevertheless, in the long term, cell growth of infected PBMCs was inhibited in vitro even by 0.1 mu M tenofovir. In addition, tenofovir directly inhibited HTLV-1 reverse transcriptase activity, in a cell-free assay that utilizes a crude preparation from HTLV-1 viral particles as a source of the enzyme. The selectivity index of tenofovir for HTLV-1, was about four times higher than that of azidothymidine. Taken together our results strongly encourage further studies to investigate the real impact of tenofovir towards HTLV-1 infection.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11570/1432537
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