Vibrio cholerae is the etiological agent of cholera. V. cholerae serogroup O1 had been, until 1992, the only serogroup responsible for large epidemics and pandemics of cholera. In 1992, a new serotype of V. cholerae emerged in South-East Asia that caused a massive outbreak of cholera in India and neighboring countries. The new serotype was named V. cholerae O139. The main differences between V. cholerae O139 and O1 are that the former possesses a capsular polysaccharide and different lipopolysaccharide. Capsular polysaccharides are, in general, T-independent antigens giving rise to poor immune responses lacking immunological memory. In order to overcome this, monoclonal antibodies against the capsular polysaccharide of V. cholerae O139 were used to screen different phage-displayed random peptide libraries. Eight different phage clones were selected and characterized using enzyme immunoassay with the monoclonal antibodies, and then tested for specificity by competition with V. cholerae O139 capsular polysaccharide. Selected peptides were sequenced, synthesized and conjugated to bovine serum albumin (BSA) and keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH). The conjugated peptides were used to immunize mice. It is evident that the anti-peptide mouse antibodies bind to the V. cholerae O139 capsular polysaccharide. In addition, the anti-peptide antibodies are protective in a suckling mouse model. The protective efficacy is both specific and dose-dependent. A PCT (PCT/IT2003/000489) with the publication number WO 2004/056851 has been filed for the sequences of the eight peptides.

Peptides mimicking Vibrio cholerae O139 capsular polysaccharide elicit protective antibody response

FELICI, Franco;LO PASSO, Carla;PERNICE, Ida;
2005

Abstract

Vibrio cholerae is the etiological agent of cholera. V. cholerae serogroup O1 had been, until 1992, the only serogroup responsible for large epidemics and pandemics of cholera. In 1992, a new serotype of V. cholerae emerged in South-East Asia that caused a massive outbreak of cholera in India and neighboring countries. The new serotype was named V. cholerae O139. The main differences between V. cholerae O139 and O1 are that the former possesses a capsular polysaccharide and different lipopolysaccharide. Capsular polysaccharides are, in general, T-independent antigens giving rise to poor immune responses lacking immunological memory. In order to overcome this, monoclonal antibodies against the capsular polysaccharide of V. cholerae O139 were used to screen different phage-displayed random peptide libraries. Eight different phage clones were selected and characterized using enzyme immunoassay with the monoclonal antibodies, and then tested for specificity by competition with V. cholerae O139 capsular polysaccharide. Selected peptides were sequenced, synthesized and conjugated to bovine serum albumin (BSA) and keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH). The conjugated peptides were used to immunize mice. It is evident that the anti-peptide mouse antibodies bind to the V. cholerae O139 capsular polysaccharide. In addition, the anti-peptide antibodies are protective in a suckling mouse model. The protective efficacy is both specific and dose-dependent. A PCT (PCT/IT2003/000489) with the publication number WO 2004/056851 has been filed for the sequences of the eight peptides.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11570/1433237
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