Abstract The present study was designed to evaluate the effect of cyclosporin A in a rat model of myocardial ischaemia reperfusion injury (MI/R). Anaesthetized rats were subjected to total occlusion (20 min) of the left main coronary artery followed by 5 h reperfusion (MI/R). Sham myocardial ischaemia-reperfusion rats (Sham MI/R) were used as controls. Myocardial necrosis, myocardial myeloperoxidase activity (MPO), serum creatinine phosphokinase activity (CPK), serum tumor necrosis factor (TNF-alpha), cardiac mRNA for TNF-alpha, cardiac intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) immunostaining and myocardial contractility (left ventricle dP/dtmax) were evaluated. Myocardial ischaemia plus reperfusion in untreated rats produced marked myocardial necrosis, increased serum CPK activity and myeloperoxidase activity (a marker of leukocyte accumulation) both in the area-at-risk and in the necrotic area, reduced myocardial contractility and induced a marked increase in the serum levels of the TNF-alpha. Furthermore increased cardiac mRNA for TNF-alpha was measurable within 10 to 20 min of left main coronary artery occlusion in the area-at-risk and increased levels were generally sustained for 0.5 h. Finally, myocardial ischaemia-reperfusion injury increased ICAM-1 staining in the myocardium. Administration of cyclosporin A (0.25, 0.5 and 1 mg/kg as an i.v. infusion 5 min after coronary artery occlusion) lowered myocardial necrosis and myeloperoxidase activity in the area-at-risk and in the necrotic area, decreased serum CPK activity, increased myocardial contractility, reduced serum levels of TNF-alpha and the cardiac cytokine mRNA levels, and blunted ICAM-1 immunostaining in the injured myocardium. The data suggest that cyclosporin A suppresses leukocyte accumulation and protects against myocardial ischaemia-reperfusion injury.

Cyclosporin-A reduces leukocyte accumulation and protects against myocardial ischaemia reperfusion injury in rats.

SQUADRITO, Francesco;ALTAVILLA, Domenica;SQUADRITO, Giovanni;SAITTA, Antonino;CAMPO, Giuseppe Maurizio;CAPUTI, Achille
1998

Abstract

Abstract The present study was designed to evaluate the effect of cyclosporin A in a rat model of myocardial ischaemia reperfusion injury (MI/R). Anaesthetized rats were subjected to total occlusion (20 min) of the left main coronary artery followed by 5 h reperfusion (MI/R). Sham myocardial ischaemia-reperfusion rats (Sham MI/R) were used as controls. Myocardial necrosis, myocardial myeloperoxidase activity (MPO), serum creatinine phosphokinase activity (CPK), serum tumor necrosis factor (TNF-alpha), cardiac mRNA for TNF-alpha, cardiac intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) immunostaining and myocardial contractility (left ventricle dP/dtmax) were evaluated. Myocardial ischaemia plus reperfusion in untreated rats produced marked myocardial necrosis, increased serum CPK activity and myeloperoxidase activity (a marker of leukocyte accumulation) both in the area-at-risk and in the necrotic area, reduced myocardial contractility and induced a marked increase in the serum levels of the TNF-alpha. Furthermore increased cardiac mRNA for TNF-alpha was measurable within 10 to 20 min of left main coronary artery occlusion in the area-at-risk and increased levels were generally sustained for 0.5 h. Finally, myocardial ischaemia-reperfusion injury increased ICAM-1 staining in the myocardium. Administration of cyclosporin A (0.25, 0.5 and 1 mg/kg as an i.v. infusion 5 min after coronary artery occlusion) lowered myocardial necrosis and myeloperoxidase activity in the area-at-risk and in the necrotic area, decreased serum CPK activity, increased myocardial contractility, reduced serum levels of TNF-alpha and the cardiac cytokine mRNA levels, and blunted ICAM-1 immunostaining in the injured myocardium. The data suggest that cyclosporin A suppresses leukocyte accumulation and protects against myocardial ischaemia-reperfusion injury.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11570/14360
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