Occupational exposure to asbestos has been associated with the development of pulmonary diseases through a persistent inflammatory response initiated by reactive oxygen species and the subsequent release of proinflammatory mediators such as interleukin (IL)-1, IL-6 and tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha. Recently, IL-18, a pleiotropic proinflammatory cytokine and potent inducer of gene expression and synthesis of INF-gamma, TNF-alpha and IL-1 in immunocompetent cells, has been described. IL-18 serum concentrations were measured in 20 asbestos-exposed workers and in a group of 20 healthy donors. The workers underwent physical examination, pulmonary function tests and high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT). IL-18 levels were assayed in peripheral blood using the immunoenzymatic method with a commercial kit. The pulmonary function tests revealed a restrictive ventilatory deficit in nine (45%) cases and an obstructive ventilatory deficit in five (25%). The remaining six (30%) workers exhibited normal spirometric values. HRCT findings were: bilateral pleural plaques in 8 (40%) workers and bilateral parenchymal fibrosis in 12 (60%), with mean scores of 2.55 +/- 1.89. The exposed workers displayed significantly higher IL-18 concentrations than controls and those with parenchymal fibrosis displayed significantly higher values than workers with pleural plaques (P = 0.001). In subjects with parenchymal fibrosis, HRCT scores significantly correlated with serum levels of IL-18 (P = 0.001). Although the mechanisms leading to IL-18 release in asbestosis are unknown, the present preliminary results underscore the potential role of this cytokine in the pathogenesis of pulmonary toxicity.

Circulating levels of interleukin-18 in asbestos-exposed workers

GANGEMI, Sebastiano;MINCIULLO, PAOLA LUCIA;LOMBARDO, Giuseppe;FENGA, Concettina
2005

Abstract

Occupational exposure to asbestos has been associated with the development of pulmonary diseases through a persistent inflammatory response initiated by reactive oxygen species and the subsequent release of proinflammatory mediators such as interleukin (IL)-1, IL-6 and tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha. Recently, IL-18, a pleiotropic proinflammatory cytokine and potent inducer of gene expression and synthesis of INF-gamma, TNF-alpha and IL-1 in immunocompetent cells, has been described. IL-18 serum concentrations were measured in 20 asbestos-exposed workers and in a group of 20 healthy donors. The workers underwent physical examination, pulmonary function tests and high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT). IL-18 levels were assayed in peripheral blood using the immunoenzymatic method with a commercial kit. The pulmonary function tests revealed a restrictive ventilatory deficit in nine (45%) cases and an obstructive ventilatory deficit in five (25%). The remaining six (30%) workers exhibited normal spirometric values. HRCT findings were: bilateral pleural plaques in 8 (40%) workers and bilateral parenchymal fibrosis in 12 (60%), with mean scores of 2.55 +/- 1.89. The exposed workers displayed significantly higher IL-18 concentrations than controls and those with parenchymal fibrosis displayed significantly higher values than workers with pleural plaques (P = 0.001). In subjects with parenchymal fibrosis, HRCT scores significantly correlated with serum levels of IL-18 (P = 0.001). Although the mechanisms leading to IL-18 release in asbestosis are unknown, the present preliminary results underscore the potential role of this cytokine in the pathogenesis of pulmonary toxicity.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11570/1447941
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