Lipoproteins, especially HDL, are carriers of a small fraction of the thyroid hormones in plasma and participate in the intracellular transport of T4. In previous work we showed that a brief period of hypothyroidism alters the hormone distribution among the lipoproteins, causing a decrease in VLDL and LDL binding despite a relative increase in VLDL and LDL cholesterol, an increase in HDL binding, and a reversal of T4 and T3 binding to the smallest HDL size subgroup. The present study of three patients with thyroid hormone resistance and largely compensated hypothyroidism showed thyroid hormone distribution that differed markedly from both normal and hypothyroid subjects. The most striking difference was a much lower binding of both T4 and T3 to HDL and a much higher binding to LDL. If confirmed in a larger group of patients, this might serve as a marker for thyroid hormone resistance.

Altered thyroid hormone binding to plasma lipoproteins in the syndrome of resistance to thyroid hormones

BENVENGA, Salvatore;
1999

Abstract

Lipoproteins, especially HDL, are carriers of a small fraction of the thyroid hormones in plasma and participate in the intracellular transport of T4. In previous work we showed that a brief period of hypothyroidism alters the hormone distribution among the lipoproteins, causing a decrease in VLDL and LDL binding despite a relative increase in VLDL and LDL cholesterol, an increase in HDL binding, and a reversal of T4 and T3 binding to the smallest HDL size subgroup. The present study of three patients with thyroid hormone resistance and largely compensated hypothyroidism showed thyroid hormone distribution that differed markedly from both normal and hypothyroid subjects. The most striking difference was a much lower binding of both T4 and T3 to HDL and a much higher binding to LDL. If confirmed in a larger group of patients, this might serve as a marker for thyroid hormone resistance.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11570/1581048
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