1. Atherosclerosis. 2001 Sep;158(1):173-81. Association of the Sst-I polymorphism at the APOC3 gene locus with variations in lipid levels, lipoprotein subclass profiles and coronary heart disease risk: the Framingham offspring study. Russo GT(1), Meigs JB, Cupples LA, Demissie S, Otvos JD, Wilson PW, Lahoz C, Cucinotta D, Couture P, Mallory T, Schaefer EJ, Ordovas JM. Author information: (1)Lipid Metabolism Laboratory, Jean Mayer-USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University, 711 Washington Street, Boston, MA 02111, USA. Apolipoprotein (apo) CIII participates in the regulation of the metabolism of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins and it is a major component of chylomicrons and VLDL. The APOC3 gene is on chromosome 11q23 and is highly polymorphic. The less common allele (S2) of the SstI polymorphism on the 3' untranslated region of the APOC3 gene has been previously associated with increased triglycerides, total cholesterol (TC), and apoCIII levels and cardiovascular risk on several, but not all, studies. The aim of this study was to examine the association of this polymorphism with plasma lipid levels, lipoprotein subfractions and coronary heart disease (CHD) risk in a population-based study: The Framingham Offspring Study. The frequency of the S2 allele was 0.086, consistent with previous reports in Caucasian populations. In men, the S2 allele was associated with lower concentrations of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C; P<0.04) and HDL2-C (P<0.02) and a significant increase in apoCIII non-HDL (P<0.05). TG levels were higher in men carriers of the S2 allele, but this association did not reach statistical significance (P=0.30). Conversely, in women, the S2 allele was associated with increased TC (P<0.03), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C; P<0.03), and ApoB levels (P<0.04). Lipoproteins subfractions were also examined using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. S2 male carriers had significantly lower concentrations of large LDL and a significant reduction in LDL particle size (P<0.04). In women, there was a significant increase in intermediate LDL particles (P<0.05) with no significant effect on lipoprotein diameters. We also examined the associations between the S2 allele and biochemical markers of glucose metabolism. In men, the S2 allele was associated with elevated fasting insulin concentrations (P<0.04), whereas no significant associations were observed in women. Despite the described associations with lipid and glucose metabolism related risk factors, we did not find any significant increase in CHD risk associated with the S2 allele in this population.

Association of the Sst-I polymorphism at the APOC3 gene locus with variations in lipid levels, lipoprotein subclass profiles and coronary heart disease risk: the Framingham offspring study

RUSSO, GIUSEPPINA;CUCINOTTA, Domenico Maria;
2001

Abstract

1. Atherosclerosis. 2001 Sep;158(1):173-81. Association of the Sst-I polymorphism at the APOC3 gene locus with variations in lipid levels, lipoprotein subclass profiles and coronary heart disease risk: the Framingham offspring study. Russo GT(1), Meigs JB, Cupples LA, Demissie S, Otvos JD, Wilson PW, Lahoz C, Cucinotta D, Couture P, Mallory T, Schaefer EJ, Ordovas JM. Author information: (1)Lipid Metabolism Laboratory, Jean Mayer-USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University, 711 Washington Street, Boston, MA 02111, USA. Apolipoprotein (apo) CIII participates in the regulation of the metabolism of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins and it is a major component of chylomicrons and VLDL. The APOC3 gene is on chromosome 11q23 and is highly polymorphic. The less common allele (S2) of the SstI polymorphism on the 3' untranslated region of the APOC3 gene has been previously associated with increased triglycerides, total cholesterol (TC), and apoCIII levels and cardiovascular risk on several, but not all, studies. The aim of this study was to examine the association of this polymorphism with plasma lipid levels, lipoprotein subfractions and coronary heart disease (CHD) risk in a population-based study: The Framingham Offspring Study. The frequency of the S2 allele was 0.086, consistent with previous reports in Caucasian populations. In men, the S2 allele was associated with lower concentrations of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C; P<0.04) and HDL2-C (P<0.02) and a significant increase in apoCIII non-HDL (P<0.05). TG levels were higher in men carriers of the S2 allele, but this association did not reach statistical significance (P=0.30). Conversely, in women, the S2 allele was associated with increased TC (P<0.03), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C; P<0.03), and ApoB levels (P<0.04). Lipoproteins subfractions were also examined using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. S2 male carriers had significantly lower concentrations of large LDL and a significant reduction in LDL particle size (P<0.04). In women, there was a significant increase in intermediate LDL particles (P<0.05) with no significant effect on lipoprotein diameters. We also examined the associations between the S2 allele and biochemical markers of glucose metabolism. In men, the S2 allele was associated with elevated fasting insulin concentrations (P<0.04), whereas no significant associations were observed in women. Despite the described associations with lipid and glucose metabolism related risk factors, we did not find any significant increase in CHD risk associated with the S2 allele in this population.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11570/1582392
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