Recently, it was proposed that zymosan, a nonbacterial agent, causes cellular injury by inducing the production of peroxynitrite and consequent poly-(ADP-ribose) synthetase (PARS activation). Here we investigated whether in vivo N-acetylcysteine treatment inhibits cellular injury in macrophages collected from rats subjected to zymosan-induced shock. Macrophages harvested from the peritoneal cavity exhibited a significant production of peroxynitrite, as measured by the oxidation of the fluorescent dye dihydrorhodamine 123, and by nitrotyrosine. Furthermore, zymosan-induced shock caused a suppression of macrophage mitochondrial respiration, DNA strand breakage, and reduction of cellular levels of NAD+. In vivo treatment with N-acetylcysteine (40, 20, and 10 mg/kg, intraperitoneally, 1 and 6 h after zymosan) significantly reduced in a dose-dependent manner peroxynitrite formation and prevented the appearance of DNA damage, the decrease in mitochondrial respiration, and the loss of cellular levels of NAD+. Our study supports the view that the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effect of N-acetylcysteine is also correlated with the inhibition of peroxynitrite production. In conclusion, N-acetylcysteine may be a novel pharmacological approach to prevent cell injury in inflammation.

Protective effect of N-acetylcysteine on cellular energy depletion in a non-septic shock model induced by zymosan in the rat

CUZZOCREA, Salvatore;CAPUTI, Achille
1999

Abstract

Recently, it was proposed that zymosan, a nonbacterial agent, causes cellular injury by inducing the production of peroxynitrite and consequent poly-(ADP-ribose) synthetase (PARS activation). Here we investigated whether in vivo N-acetylcysteine treatment inhibits cellular injury in macrophages collected from rats subjected to zymosan-induced shock. Macrophages harvested from the peritoneal cavity exhibited a significant production of peroxynitrite, as measured by the oxidation of the fluorescent dye dihydrorhodamine 123, and by nitrotyrosine. Furthermore, zymosan-induced shock caused a suppression of macrophage mitochondrial respiration, DNA strand breakage, and reduction of cellular levels of NAD+. In vivo treatment with N-acetylcysteine (40, 20, and 10 mg/kg, intraperitoneally, 1 and 6 h after zymosan) significantly reduced in a dose-dependent manner peroxynitrite formation and prevented the appearance of DNA damage, the decrease in mitochondrial respiration, and the loss of cellular levels of NAD+. Our study supports the view that the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effect of N-acetylcysteine is also correlated with the inhibition of peroxynitrite production. In conclusion, N-acetylcysteine may be a novel pharmacological approach to prevent cell injury in inflammation.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11570/1584292
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