In the present study we investigated the therapeutic efficacy of Mn(III)tetrakis (4-benzoic acid) porphyrin (MnTBAP), a superoxide dismutase mimetic which possesses peroxynitrite scavenging effects, in rats subjected to carrageenan-induced paw oedema. Local administration of MnTBAP (5, 25, and 50 μg/paw) significantly and dose dependently reduced carrageenan-induced paw oedema at all time points. MnTBAP also caused a significant dose-dependent reduction in paw myeloperoxidase activity and lipid peroxidation, as well as preventing histological injury. Immunohistochemical analysis for nitrotyrosine revealed a positive staining in paw from carrageenan-treated rats. No positive nitrotyrosine staining was found in the paws of the carrageenan-treated rats that received MnTBAP. Our study demonstrates that MnTBAP exerts protective effects in carrageenan-induced paw oedema. Part of these anti-inflammatory effects may be related to: 1) reduction of superoxide formation due to the superoxide dismutase-like activity of the compound; and 2) scavenging of peroxynitrite.
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