We describe the antigenic properties of an anti-idiotypic single chain fragment variable (scFv) recombinant antibody mimicking the type III capsular polysaccharide of group B streptococci (GBS), an important cause of neonatal sepsis. This scFv could compete with the nominal antigen for binding to specific mouse or rabbit antibodies. Moreover, the scFv elicited, in mice, the production of antibodies which reacted against the type IlI polysaccharide and passively protected neonatal pups from GBS disease. Maternal immunization with the scFv also protected neonatal mice against GBS infection. Next, the scFv was expressed on the surface of the commensal bacterium Streptococcus gordonii. Intravaginal inoculation of mice with these recombinant bacteria induced significant elevations in serum titers of anti-GBS type III antibodies. Therefore, the expression scFv in commensal bacteria may be a convenient and effective way of delivering anti-idiotypic vaccines.

Anti-idiotypic vaccination against group B streptococci

BENINATI, Concetta;MANCUSO, Giuseppe;MIDIRI, Angelina;TETI, Giuseppe
2001-01-01

Abstract

We describe the antigenic properties of an anti-idiotypic single chain fragment variable (scFv) recombinant antibody mimicking the type III capsular polysaccharide of group B streptococci (GBS), an important cause of neonatal sepsis. This scFv could compete with the nominal antigen for binding to specific mouse or rabbit antibodies. Moreover, the scFv elicited, in mice, the production of antibodies which reacted against the type IlI polysaccharide and passively protected neonatal pups from GBS disease. Maternal immunization with the scFv also protected neonatal mice against GBS infection. Next, the scFv was expressed on the surface of the commensal bacterium Streptococcus gordonii. Intravaginal inoculation of mice with these recombinant bacteria induced significant elevations in serum titers of anti-GBS type III antibodies. Therefore, the expression scFv in commensal bacteria may be a convenient and effective way of delivering anti-idiotypic vaccines.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/1593714
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus 8
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact