Cultivars and consumption typologies of some Allium species can significantly vary from a chemical point of view and even small differences can be important for their characterization and differentiation. Bulbs of three varieties and four consumption typologies of onion (Allium cepa L.) and two varieties of shallot (Allium ascalonicum Hort.) were subjected to HPLC–DAD–ESI-MS–MS analysis. Seven flavonol glucosides were identified in all the samples, two of which, quercetin 3,40-diglucoside and quercetin 40-glucoside, represent about the 90% of the overall contents. Cultivars and consumption typologies of the Allium species under study show significant differences in flavonol contents, from the very low quantity of antioxidant compounds in white onion, about 7 mg/kg against 600–700 mg/kg that were found in red and gold varieties, to the enormous content of flavonols that are present in onions of prompt consumption, where quercetin 40-glucoside exceeds 1 g/kg and quercetin 3-glucoside is present in a ratio higher then 10:1 with respect to its value in the other onion typologies. Shallots are very rich in the two major flavonols.

Flavonol glucosides in Allium species: A comparative study by means HPLC-DAD-ESI-MS-MS

BONACCORSI, Paola Maria;CARISTI, Corrado;GARGIULLI, Claudia;LEUZZI, Ugo
2008

Abstract

Cultivars and consumption typologies of some Allium species can significantly vary from a chemical point of view and even small differences can be important for their characterization and differentiation. Bulbs of three varieties and four consumption typologies of onion (Allium cepa L.) and two varieties of shallot (Allium ascalonicum Hort.) were subjected to HPLC–DAD–ESI-MS–MS analysis. Seven flavonol glucosides were identified in all the samples, two of which, quercetin 3,40-diglucoside and quercetin 40-glucoside, represent about the 90% of the overall contents. Cultivars and consumption typologies of the Allium species under study show significant differences in flavonol contents, from the very low quantity of antioxidant compounds in white onion, about 7 mg/kg against 600–700 mg/kg that were found in red and gold varieties, to the enormous content of flavonols that are present in onions of prompt consumption, where quercetin 40-glucoside exceeds 1 g/kg and quercetin 3-glucoside is present in a ratio higher then 10:1 with respect to its value in the other onion typologies. Shallots are very rich in the two major flavonols.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/1671955
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