Tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is a cytotoxic member of the TNF family. Some reports have shown that TRAIL is released from cells in a soluble form. In this work, we have investigated the mechanism of release of TRAIL from monocytes. First, we show that whole gram-positive, gram-negative and mycoplasmal bacteria as well as lipopolysaccharide (LPS), interferon-α (IFN-α), -β and -γ all induced upregulation of TRAIL on the surface of human monocytes. Next, we show that IFN-α, -β and -γ all induced a dose-dependent release of TRAIL, giving significant amounts of soluble TRAIL after 2 days. Of the bacteria, only the Group B streptococcus COH-1 (GBS) induced release of TRAIL and concomittantly induced IFN-α. Monocytes stimulated with GBS or IFN-α also showed extensive cell death. When monocyte apoptosis was prevented by interleukin-1, GM-CSF, LPS or the caspase inhibitor zVADfmk, the IFN-α-induced release of TRAIL was reduced, whereas agents inducing necrosis caused increased release of TRAIL. LPS also prevented release of TRAIL from GBS-stimulated monocytes. The release of TRAIL from IFN-α-stimulated monocytes was reduced by inhibitors of both cysteine and metalloproteases. We conclude that bacteria and IFN induce upregulation of membrane TRAIL and that release of TRAIL is associated with cell death.

Monocytes stimulated with group B Streptococci or interferons release tumour necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand

BENINATI, Concetta;
2004

Abstract

Tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is a cytotoxic member of the TNF family. Some reports have shown that TRAIL is released from cells in a soluble form. In this work, we have investigated the mechanism of release of TRAIL from monocytes. First, we show that whole gram-positive, gram-negative and mycoplasmal bacteria as well as lipopolysaccharide (LPS), interferon-α (IFN-α), -β and -γ all induced upregulation of TRAIL on the surface of human monocytes. Next, we show that IFN-α, -β and -γ all induced a dose-dependent release of TRAIL, giving significant amounts of soluble TRAIL after 2 days. Of the bacteria, only the Group B streptococcus COH-1 (GBS) induced release of TRAIL and concomittantly induced IFN-α. Monocytes stimulated with GBS or IFN-α also showed extensive cell death. When monocyte apoptosis was prevented by interleukin-1, GM-CSF, LPS or the caspase inhibitor zVADfmk, the IFN-α-induced release of TRAIL was reduced, whereas agents inducing necrosis caused increased release of TRAIL. LPS also prevented release of TRAIL from GBS-stimulated monocytes. The release of TRAIL from IFN-α-stimulated monocytes was reduced by inhibitors of both cysteine and metalloproteases. We conclude that bacteria and IFN induce upregulation of membrane TRAIL and that release of TRAIL is associated with cell death.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/1676112
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