The mining of leaves of Aesculus hippocastanum caused by the larvae of Cameraria ohridella leads to precocious defoliation of trees. Damage to plant productivity was estimated in terms of the photosynthetic performance as well as of leaf water relations and hydraulics of increasingly mined leaves from infested plants in comparison with the same variables measured in non-mined leaves (controls). Electron microscopy and photosynthesis measurements revealed that chloroplasts within the green portions of mined leaves were still intact and photosynthesis of these areas was close to that of nonmined leaves, i.e. damage to functional integrity of the photosynthetic system did not extend beyond the mines. Stomata below the mines were functional as they maintained their physiological kinetics but most chloroplasts in the spongy parenchyma below the mines were degraded so that a 1: 1 relationship existed between photosynthesis loss and loss of leaf green areas. Leaf conductance to water vapour and transpiration rate were 60% lower in mined leaf areas but equal to controls in green portions of mined leaves. Leaf water potential was insensitive to the amount of mined leaf area and so was leaf hydraulic conductance. Anatomical observations of leaf minor veins revealed that they were structurally and functionally intact even in leaves with 90% mined surface area. Our conclusion was that the actual damage to A. hippocastanum plants in terms of loss of photosynthates and water and nutrient transport was less than that visually estimated in recent studies.

Impact of the leaf miner Cameraria ohridella on photosynthesis, water relations and hydraulics of Aesculus hippocastanum leaves.

RAIMONDO, FABIO;
2003-01-01

Abstract

The mining of leaves of Aesculus hippocastanum caused by the larvae of Cameraria ohridella leads to precocious defoliation of trees. Damage to plant productivity was estimated in terms of the photosynthetic performance as well as of leaf water relations and hydraulics of increasingly mined leaves from infested plants in comparison with the same variables measured in non-mined leaves (controls). Electron microscopy and photosynthesis measurements revealed that chloroplasts within the green portions of mined leaves were still intact and photosynthesis of these areas was close to that of nonmined leaves, i.e. damage to functional integrity of the photosynthetic system did not extend beyond the mines. Stomata below the mines were functional as they maintained their physiological kinetics but most chloroplasts in the spongy parenchyma below the mines were degraded so that a 1: 1 relationship existed between photosynthesis loss and loss of leaf green areas. Leaf conductance to water vapour and transpiration rate were 60% lower in mined leaf areas but equal to controls in green portions of mined leaves. Leaf water potential was insensitive to the amount of mined leaf area and so was leaf hydraulic conductance. Anatomical observations of leaf minor veins revealed that they were structurally and functionally intact even in leaves with 90% mined surface area. Our conclusion was that the actual damage to A. hippocastanum plants in terms of loss of photosynthates and water and nutrient transport was less than that visually estimated in recent studies.
2003
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/1683304
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