The unextracted residue obtained after a countercurrent two-step extractive process of silica from pumice lapillus, at 100 ◦C and room pressure, has been found mainly crystallized to the pseudo-cubic form typical of zeolite P. This residue could be active as a low-cost agent for the removal of heavy metals from wastewater. In this paper the removal capacity of six metallic cations (i.e. Cu2+, Ni2+, Zn2+, Cd2+, Pb2+ and Cr3+) was studied in a stirred batch reactor. Results obtained showed that the removal of metal ions (100–500 mg g−1) from wastewater is achieved in a short time and the concentration lowered under the legal limits. The adsorption mechanism mainly involves an ionic exchange between sodium ions from the solid phase and heavy metals in solution. However, if wastewater was accompanied by free acidity, it first should be neutralized to pH 4–5 to prevent zeolite destruction.

Efficiency of a zeolitized pumice waste as a low-cost heavy metals adsorbent

CATALFAMO, PAOLA;ARRIGO, Ileana;PRIMERANO, Patrizia;CORIGLIANO, Francesco
2006

Abstract

The unextracted residue obtained after a countercurrent two-step extractive process of silica from pumice lapillus, at 100 ◦C and room pressure, has been found mainly crystallized to the pseudo-cubic form typical of zeolite P. This residue could be active as a low-cost agent for the removal of heavy metals from wastewater. In this paper the removal capacity of six metallic cations (i.e. Cu2+, Ni2+, Zn2+, Cd2+, Pb2+ and Cr3+) was studied in a stirred batch reactor. Results obtained showed that the removal of metal ions (100–500 mg g−1) from wastewater is achieved in a short time and the concentration lowered under the legal limits. The adsorption mechanism mainly involves an ionic exchange between sodium ions from the solid phase and heavy metals in solution. However, if wastewater was accompanied by free acidity, it first should be neutralized to pH 4–5 to prevent zeolite destruction.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/1718688
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