Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) appears to have an immunosuppressive role in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Therefore, the effect was studied of PGE2 pretreatment of T lymphocytes from patients with lymphadenopathy associated syndrome (LAS) on the expression of CD25 and CD71 as well as plaque forming cell (PFC) generation in pokeweed mitogen (PWM)-driven cultures. The PGE2-treated or untreated T lymphocytes were cultured with B cells and monocytes in the presence of PWM. Both CD25 and CD71 expression were assessed with an immunofluorescence technique; PFC generation was tested by hemolysis. Before exposure to PWM, LAS lymphocytes showed activation as evidenced by high CD25 and CD71 expression and PFC generation. Pretreatment by PGE2 did not inhibit expression of activation markers and PFC generation in LAS cultures, in contrast to what happened in control cultures. Thus, LAS lymphocytes are activated in vivo and are less sensitive to PGE2 inhibition than normal lymphocytes.
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