CONTEXT: Causal mutations have been detected only in a minority of isolated GH deficiency (IGHD) patients. Idiopathic IGHD might be the result of the interaction between several low-penetrance genetic factors and the environment. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to test the contribution to IGHD of genetic variations in the GH1 gene regulatory regions. DESIGN AND PATIENTS: A case-control association study was performed including 118 sporadic IGHD patients with a nonsevere phenotype (height -4/-1 sd score and partial GH deficiency) and two control groups, normal stature (n=200) and short-stature individuals with normal GH secretion (n=113). Seven single-nucleotide polymorphisms in the GH1 promoter, one in the IVS4 region, and two in the locus control region were analyzed. RESULTS: The -57T allele within the vitamin D-responsive element showed a positive significant association when comparing patients with normal (P=0.006) or short stature (P=0.0011) controls. The genotype -57TT showed an odds ratio of 2.93 (1.44-5.99) and 2.99 (1.42-6.31), respectively. The functional relevance of the -57 variation was demonstrated by the luciferase assay in the presence of vitamin D. The vitamin D-induced inhibition of luciferase activity was significantly (P=0.012) stronger for the promoter haplotype carrying the associated variation -57T [haplotype #1 (hp#1)] with respect to hp#2, bearing -57G. Replacement of the T with a G at -57 on hp#1 abolished the repression, demonstrating that the T at position -57 is necessary to determine the greater vitamin D-induced inhibitory effect of hp#1. EMSA experiments showed a different band-shift pattern of the T and G sequences. CONCLUSION: The common -57G-->T polymorphism contributes to IGHD susceptibility, indicating that it may have a multifactorial etiology.

A functional common polymorphism in the vitamin D-responsive element of the GH1promoter contributes to isolated growth hormone deficiency.

ARRIGO, Teresa;
2008

Abstract

CONTEXT: Causal mutations have been detected only in a minority of isolated GH deficiency (IGHD) patients. Idiopathic IGHD might be the result of the interaction between several low-penetrance genetic factors and the environment. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to test the contribution to IGHD of genetic variations in the GH1 gene regulatory regions. DESIGN AND PATIENTS: A case-control association study was performed including 118 sporadic IGHD patients with a nonsevere phenotype (height -4/-1 sd score and partial GH deficiency) and two control groups, normal stature (n=200) and short-stature individuals with normal GH secretion (n=113). Seven single-nucleotide polymorphisms in the GH1 promoter, one in the IVS4 region, and two in the locus control region were analyzed. RESULTS: The -57T allele within the vitamin D-responsive element showed a positive significant association when comparing patients with normal (P=0.006) or short stature (P=0.0011) controls. The genotype -57TT showed an odds ratio of 2.93 (1.44-5.99) and 2.99 (1.42-6.31), respectively. The functional relevance of the -57 variation was demonstrated by the luciferase assay in the presence of vitamin D. The vitamin D-induced inhibition of luciferase activity was significantly (P=0.012) stronger for the promoter haplotype carrying the associated variation -57T [haplotype #1 (hp#1)] with respect to hp#2, bearing -57G. Replacement of the T with a G at -57 on hp#1 abolished the repression, demonstrating that the T at position -57 is necessary to determine the greater vitamin D-induced inhibitory effect of hp#1. EMSA experiments showed a different band-shift pattern of the T and G sequences. CONCLUSION: The common -57G-->T polymorphism contributes to IGHD susceptibility, indicating that it may have a multifactorial etiology.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/1871680
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