Nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB plays a central role in acute pancreatitis. We studied cerulein (CER)-induced pancreatitis in NF-kappaB knockout (KO) mice. NF-kappaB KO mice and normal control littermate wild-type (WT) mice were given four hyperstimulating doses of cerulein every hour to elicit secreatagogue-induced pancreatitis. Malonildialdehyde activity, glutathione levels, myeloperoxidase activity, TNF-alpha, and NF-kappaB binding activity and its inhibitory protein IkappaBalpha were studied in the pancreas. Furthermore, we measured plasma lipase and amylase and the histological damage. KO mice had reduced malonildialdehyde levels (WT + CER = 4.083 +/- 0.95 micromol/g; KO + CER = 1.513 +/- 0.63 microol/g), decreased myeloperoxidase activity (WT + CER = 19.3 +/- 2.39 mU/g; KO + CER = 10.21 +/- 2.05 mU/g), increased glutathione levels (WT + CER 6.22 +/- 2.46 micromol/g; KO + CER = 15. 516 +/- 2.92 micromol/g), and reduced serum levels of amylase (WT + CER = 2519 +/- 656.9 U/L; KO + CER = 916 +/- 280.4 U/L) and lipase (WT + CER = 1420 +/- 170 U/L; KO + CER = 861 +/- 172. 3 U/L). KO mice showed reduced pancreatic NF-kappaB activation, decreased TNF-alpha tissue content, and reduced histologic alterations. Our data suggest that KO mice have an attenuated cerulein-induced pancreatitis and help to define the possible interaction between NF-kappaB activation and oxidative stress in this deleterious event.

Attenuated cerulein-induced pancreatitis in nuclear factor-kappa B-deficient mice

ALTAVILLA, Domenica;FAMULARI, Ciro;MACRI', Antonio;MINUTOLI, Letteria;MARINI, Herbert Ryan;CALO', Margherita;VENUTI, Francesco Saverio;SQUADRITO, Francesco
2003

Abstract

Nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB plays a central role in acute pancreatitis. We studied cerulein (CER)-induced pancreatitis in NF-kappaB knockout (KO) mice. NF-kappaB KO mice and normal control littermate wild-type (WT) mice were given four hyperstimulating doses of cerulein every hour to elicit secreatagogue-induced pancreatitis. Malonildialdehyde activity, glutathione levels, myeloperoxidase activity, TNF-alpha, and NF-kappaB binding activity and its inhibitory protein IkappaBalpha were studied in the pancreas. Furthermore, we measured plasma lipase and amylase and the histological damage. KO mice had reduced malonildialdehyde levels (WT + CER = 4.083 +/- 0.95 micromol/g; KO + CER = 1.513 +/- 0.63 microol/g), decreased myeloperoxidase activity (WT + CER = 19.3 +/- 2.39 mU/g; KO + CER = 10.21 +/- 2.05 mU/g), increased glutathione levels (WT + CER 6.22 +/- 2.46 micromol/g; KO + CER = 15. 516 +/- 2.92 micromol/g), and reduced serum levels of amylase (WT + CER = 2519 +/- 656.9 U/L; KO + CER = 916 +/- 280.4 U/L) and lipase (WT + CER = 1420 +/- 170 U/L; KO + CER = 861 +/- 172. 3 U/L). KO mice showed reduced pancreatic NF-kappaB activation, decreased TNF-alpha tissue content, and reduced histologic alterations. Our data suggest that KO mice have an attenuated cerulein-induced pancreatitis and help to define the possible interaction between NF-kappaB activation and oxidative stress in this deleterious event.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/1891458
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 82
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact