In this paper, the results of an experimental investigation aimed at assessing the performance of electrochromic (EC) windows with respect to daylighting control in buildings are presented. The research is performed under real weather conditions by a small scale testcell equipped with a small area double glazing unit (DGU) where one pane consists of an EC device with visible transmittance sv ranging from 6.2 to 68.1% and the other of an ordinary clear float glass (sv 90%). Experimental tests are carried out as a function of time, weather conditions, test-cell orientation and switching strategies. These data are integrated with spectrophotometric measurements. Results show that the angle selectivity of the glazing combined with its active switching effect allows a wide range of selectable transmission states to suit the latitude and orientation of a building in relation to the local climatic conditions. For south facing windows and under the involved climatic conditions EC glazing driven by a dynamic control strategy can be very effective in reducing discomfort glare caused by high window brightness. Glare reduction can be realized contemporarily maintaining the work plane illuminance to adequate level for computer based office tasks so without compromising much of the available daylight. Furthermore, since EC glazing is never switched to heavily darkened states (sv >20%), colour rendering of inside objects should be always acceptable, although internal illuminance level could be slightly lower than to what users prefer in relation to the correlated colour temperature of the incoming light. These results change when considering west orientation for which high-luminance direct sunlight patches are registered on the work-plane even for EC glazing switched to its lowest transmitting state letting suppose that EC windows cannot provide full control of uncomfortable direct sunlight effects without integration of additional shading devices.

Daylighting performance of an electrochromic window in a small scale test-cell

PICCOLO, Antonio
;
2009

Abstract

In this paper, the results of an experimental investigation aimed at assessing the performance of electrochromic (EC) windows with respect to daylighting control in buildings are presented. The research is performed under real weather conditions by a small scale testcell equipped with a small area double glazing unit (DGU) where one pane consists of an EC device with visible transmittance sv ranging from 6.2 to 68.1% and the other of an ordinary clear float glass (sv 90%). Experimental tests are carried out as a function of time, weather conditions, test-cell orientation and switching strategies. These data are integrated with spectrophotometric measurements. Results show that the angle selectivity of the glazing combined with its active switching effect allows a wide range of selectable transmission states to suit the latitude and orientation of a building in relation to the local climatic conditions. For south facing windows and under the involved climatic conditions EC glazing driven by a dynamic control strategy can be very effective in reducing discomfort glare caused by high window brightness. Glare reduction can be realized contemporarily maintaining the work plane illuminance to adequate level for computer based office tasks so without compromising much of the available daylight. Furthermore, since EC glazing is never switched to heavily darkened states (sv >20%), colour rendering of inside objects should be always acceptable, although internal illuminance level could be slightly lower than to what users prefer in relation to the correlated colour temperature of the incoming light. These results change when considering west orientation for which high-luminance direct sunlight patches are registered on the work-plane even for EC glazing switched to its lowest transmitting state letting suppose that EC windows cannot provide full control of uncomfortable direct sunlight effects without integration of additional shading devices.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/1891856
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