Management of delayed emesis (DE) remains unsatisfactory, and only 50% of the patients achieve complete protection. Cisapride is a strong prokinetic gastrointestinal drug that could have a role in the prevention of DE. We enrolled 31 adult naive outpatients who were scheduled to receive cisplatin chemotherapy at doses of ≥ 75 mg/m2. All patients received the same prophylactic treatment for acute emesis (20 mg dexamethasone and 8 mg ondansetron i.v.) and, as preventive therapy for DE, oral cisapride, 10 mg every 8 h on days 2-4, combined with dexamethasone i.m., 8 mg twice daily on days 2 and 3, and 4 mg twice daily on day 4. All patients were evaluable for activity. Complete protection from acute vomiting was 80.7%, from nausea 71% and from nausea/vomiting 64.5%. The overall protection from DE (days 2-4) was 74.1% for vomiting, 64.5% for nausea and 58% for nausea/vomiting. In our study the combination of cisapride and dexamethasone was effective, giving 58% of complete protection from DE, and it is therefore worthy of further studies.

Cisapride and dexamethasone in the prevention of delayed emesis after cisplatin administration

CARISTI, Nicola;PERGOLIZZI, Stefano;
2001

Abstract

Management of delayed emesis (DE) remains unsatisfactory, and only 50% of the patients achieve complete protection. Cisapride is a strong prokinetic gastrointestinal drug that could have a role in the prevention of DE. We enrolled 31 adult naive outpatients who were scheduled to receive cisplatin chemotherapy at doses of ≥ 75 mg/m2. All patients received the same prophylactic treatment for acute emesis (20 mg dexamethasone and 8 mg ondansetron i.v.) and, as preventive therapy for DE, oral cisapride, 10 mg every 8 h on days 2-4, combined with dexamethasone i.m., 8 mg twice daily on days 2 and 3, and 4 mg twice daily on day 4. All patients were evaluable for activity. Complete protection from acute vomiting was 80.7%, from nausea 71% and from nausea/vomiting 64.5%. The overall protection from DE (days 2-4) was 74.1% for vomiting, 64.5% for nausea and 58% for nausea/vomiting. In our study the combination of cisapride and dexamethasone was effective, giving 58% of complete protection from DE, and it is therefore worthy of further studies.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/1892060
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