Permanent xylem blockage is a common result of attacks by herbivores and fungi. The mitosporic fungus Phoma tracheiphila (Petri) Kantschaveli et Gikachvili, is the agent of a Citrus tracheomycosis (“malsecco disease”) causing xylem impairment and leading to leaf shedding and plant dieback. In the present study, this pathogen was used for monitoring the effects of increasing levels of stem hydraulic resistance (R stem) on leaf water status and gas exchange. In this view, measurements are reported of changes in the hydraulic resistance of infected stems (R stem) of C. aurantium (sour orange) during progressive and irreversible xylem blockage with parallel measurements of leaf water potential and conductance to water vapour. Leaves were highly responsive to increasing R stem as due to fungal infection, with substantial stomatal closure and drop in water potential.

A tracheomycosis as a tool for studying the impact of stem xylemdysfunction on leaf water status and gas exchange in Citrusaurantium L.

RAIMONDO, FABIO;LO GULLO, Maria Assunta
2010

Abstract

Permanent xylem blockage is a common result of attacks by herbivores and fungi. The mitosporic fungus Phoma tracheiphila (Petri) Kantschaveli et Gikachvili, is the agent of a Citrus tracheomycosis (“malsecco disease”) causing xylem impairment and leading to leaf shedding and plant dieback. In the present study, this pathogen was used for monitoring the effects of increasing levels of stem hydraulic resistance (R stem) on leaf water status and gas exchange. In this view, measurements are reported of changes in the hydraulic resistance of infected stems (R stem) of C. aurantium (sour orange) during progressive and irreversible xylem blockage with parallel measurements of leaf water potential and conductance to water vapour. Leaves were highly responsive to increasing R stem as due to fungal infection, with substantial stomatal closure and drop in water potential.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11570/1900723
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 7
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 6
social impact