Palladium(II) speciation in the presence of phytate (Phy12–) was studied by H+ ion selective electrode (ISE) potentiometry at 25°C in NaNO3(aq) and in NaCl(aq) at ionic strength I = 0.1 mol L–1, in order to evaluate the effect of the ionic medium on the sequestering ability of phytate towards palladium(II). Owing to the discrepancies found in the literature on both the nature and the stability of hydrolytic species formed by this cation, Pd2+ hydrolysis was studied under the same experimental conditions as phytate/PdII measurements. As palladium(II) forms stable complex species with the chloride ion, the stability constants of various Pd2+–Cl– species were also calculated, as well as those of weak species formed with nitrate. The stability constants of six palladium(II)–phytate species, namely PdPhyOH11–, PdPhy10–, PdPhyH9–, PdPhyH28–, PdPhyH37– and PdPhyH46–, were determined. The sequestering ability of this ligand towards Pd2+ was evaluated by the calculation of various pL50 values (total ligand concentrations, as antilogarithm, necessary to bind the 50% of the metal ion as a trace present in the solution) under different conditions. Phytate sequestering ability towards palladium(II) was then compared with that towards other divalent cations under various conditions. Finally, the dependence of pL50 on pH was modelled by a simple empirical relationship.
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