INTRODUCTION: Wnt-1 is capable of inducing metanephric mesenchyme to undergo tubulogenesis. A relationship between the degree of cystogenesis and reduced E-cadherin (E-cad) expression was described. Syndecan-1 (Sdc-1) has a critical role in kidney development. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten multicystic dysplastic kidneys (MCDKs) were stained with hematoxylin and eosin and immunohistochemistry was performed using Wnt-1, E-cad and Sdc-1 antibodies. Eight unaffected kidneys were used as controls. RESULTS: Strong Wnt-1 immunostaining occurred inside cystic/tubular epithelial cells and in blastematous foci. An immunoreaction was observed in glomerular epithelial cells. In controls, just weak cytoplasmic Wnt-1 positivity was seen in tubular epithelial cells. E-cad reaction was negative in MCDKs while strong immunostaining was common in tubular cells of controls. A strong Sdc-1 immunoreaction depicted cystic, tubular and glomerular epithelial cells in MCDKs while Sdc-1 expression documented weak positivity in tubular epithelium alone. CONCLUSIONS: Our data are in accordance with an involvement of Wnt-1 in normal nephrogenesis and with its role in altered epithelial differentiation of metanephric mesenchyme in MCDKs. Wnt-1 signal may function to suppress E-cad expression, a predisposing event for cystogenesis. High expression of Sdc-1 in tubular/cystic epithelial cells of MCDKs might alter the normal transition of stages of the developmental process and modify the anion charge of the glomerular barrier.

MOLECULAR EVENTS INVOLVED IN THE MORPHOGENESIS OF MULTICYSTIC DYSPLASTIC KIDNEY

ARENA, SALVATORE;FAZZARI, CARMINE;VILLARI, Daniela;ARENA, Francesco;
2010

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Wnt-1 is capable of inducing metanephric mesenchyme to undergo tubulogenesis. A relationship between the degree of cystogenesis and reduced E-cadherin (E-cad) expression was described. Syndecan-1 (Sdc-1) has a critical role in kidney development. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten multicystic dysplastic kidneys (MCDKs) were stained with hematoxylin and eosin and immunohistochemistry was performed using Wnt-1, E-cad and Sdc-1 antibodies. Eight unaffected kidneys were used as controls. RESULTS: Strong Wnt-1 immunostaining occurred inside cystic/tubular epithelial cells and in blastematous foci. An immunoreaction was observed in glomerular epithelial cells. In controls, just weak cytoplasmic Wnt-1 positivity was seen in tubular epithelial cells. E-cad reaction was negative in MCDKs while strong immunostaining was common in tubular cells of controls. A strong Sdc-1 immunoreaction depicted cystic, tubular and glomerular epithelial cells in MCDKs while Sdc-1 expression documented weak positivity in tubular epithelium alone. CONCLUSIONS: Our data are in accordance with an involvement of Wnt-1 in normal nephrogenesis and with its role in altered epithelial differentiation of metanephric mesenchyme in MCDKs. Wnt-1 signal may function to suppress E-cad expression, a predisposing event for cystogenesis. High expression of Sdc-1 in tubular/cystic epithelial cells of MCDKs might alter the normal transition of stages of the developmental process and modify the anion charge of the glomerular barrier.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/1905723
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