IR data on the time-onstream changes of the adsorbed species on vanadyl pyrophosphate with preadsorbed ammonia during interaction with propane and oxygen are reported, together with an IR and thermogravimetric anal. of the ammonia interaction with this catalyst and of the adsorbed species formed in ammonia and propylene coadsorption. Results indicate that (i) ammonia forms mainly ammonium ions at room temp., but increasing the temp. of interaction up to 400° results in a progressive increase in the amt. of ammonia coordinated to surface Lewis acid sites; (ii) the amt. of adsorbed ammonia at 400° corresponds to about a 1:1 NH3-to-P surface ratio, but is lower for higher reaction temps.; (iii) in the presence of gaseous oxygen, the amt. of coordinated ammonia decreases, with the probable formation of an amido (NH2) species; (i.v.) propylene is coordinated as a π-bonded complex with vanadium Lewis acid sites and, in the absence of gaseous oxygen, is slowly transformed to acrylonitrile through the intermediate formation of propylamine; and (v) propane does not form adsorbed intermediates in the absence of gaseous oxygen, but in the presence of gaseous oxygen, acrylate species are detected. It is suggested that two pathways of formation of acrylonitrile from propane are present on vanadyl pyrophosphate, the first in anaerobic conditions involving the intermediate formation of propylamine and the second, when O2 is present, involving the reaction between surface acrylate species and chemisorbed ammonia species. The second pathway is much more rapid than the first. [on SciFinder(R)]

Acrylonitrile from propane on vanadyl pyrophosphate with preadsorbed ammonia. 2. Study of the mechanism of ammonia adsorption and reaction with C3 hydrocarbons

CENTI, Gabriele;PERATHONER, Siglinda
1993

Abstract

IR data on the time-onstream changes of the adsorbed species on vanadyl pyrophosphate with preadsorbed ammonia during interaction with propane and oxygen are reported, together with an IR and thermogravimetric anal. of the ammonia interaction with this catalyst and of the adsorbed species formed in ammonia and propylene coadsorption. Results indicate that (i) ammonia forms mainly ammonium ions at room temp., but increasing the temp. of interaction up to 400° results in a progressive increase in the amt. of ammonia coordinated to surface Lewis acid sites; (ii) the amt. of adsorbed ammonia at 400° corresponds to about a 1:1 NH3-to-P surface ratio, but is lower for higher reaction temps.; (iii) in the presence of gaseous oxygen, the amt. of coordinated ammonia decreases, with the probable formation of an amido (NH2) species; (i.v.) propylene is coordinated as a π-bonded complex with vanadium Lewis acid sites and, in the absence of gaseous oxygen, is slowly transformed to acrylonitrile through the intermediate formation of propylamine; and (v) propane does not form adsorbed intermediates in the absence of gaseous oxygen, but in the presence of gaseous oxygen, acrylate species are detected. It is suggested that two pathways of formation of acrylonitrile from propane are present on vanadyl pyrophosphate, the first in anaerobic conditions involving the intermediate formation of propylamine and the second, when O2 is present, involving the reaction between surface acrylate species and chemisorbed ammonia species. The second pathway is much more rapid than the first. [on SciFinder(R)]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11570/1907294
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