We present a Monte Carlo simulation study of the phase behavior of two-dimensional classical particles repelling each other through an isotropic Gaussian potential. As in the analogous three-dimensional case, a reentrant-melting transition occurs upon compression for not too high temperatures, along with a spectrum of waterlike anomalies in the fluid phase. However, in two dimensions melting is a continuous two-stage transition, with an intermediate hexatic phase which becomes increasingly more definite as pressure grows. All available evidence supports the Kosterlitz-Thouless-Halperin-Nelson-Young scenario for this melting transition. We expect that such a phenomenology can be checked in confined monolayers of charge-stabilized colloids with a softened core.

Hexatic phase in the two-dimensional Gaussian-core model

PRESTIPINO GIARRITTA, Santi;GIAQUINTA, Paolo Vittorio
2011-01-01

Abstract

We present a Monte Carlo simulation study of the phase behavior of two-dimensional classical particles repelling each other through an isotropic Gaussian potential. As in the analogous three-dimensional case, a reentrant-melting transition occurs upon compression for not too high temperatures, along with a spectrum of waterlike anomalies in the fluid phase. However, in two dimensions melting is a continuous two-stage transition, with an intermediate hexatic phase which becomes increasingly more definite as pressure grows. All available evidence supports the Kosterlitz-Thouless-Halperin-Nelson-Young scenario for this melting transition. We expect that such a phenomenology can be checked in confined monolayers of charge-stabilized colloids with a softened core.
2011
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/1910628
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