Intestinal ischemia/reperfusion causes tissue hypoxia and damage, leading to the pathophysiology of inflammation. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of glutamine on the tissue injury caused by ischemia/reperfusion of the gut. Ischemia/reperfusion injury of the intestine was caused by clamping both the superior mesenteric artery and the celiac trunk for 30 min followed by the release of the clamp allowing reperfusion for 1h. This procedure results in splanchnic artery occlusion-injury. Based on our findings we propose that the amino acid glutamine, administered 15 min before reperfusion at the dose of 1.5mg/kg, i.v. may be useful in the treatment of various ischemia and reperfusion diseases. The present study was performed in order to determine the pharmacological effects of glutamine ischemia/reperfusion-induced intestinal injury in rats. In particular, to gain a better insight into the mechanism(s) of action of glutamine, we evaluated the following endpoints of the inflammatory response: (1) histological damage; (2) neutrophil infiltration of the reperfused intestine (MPO activity); (3) NF-kappaB activation and cytokines production; (4) expression of ICAM-1 and P-selectin during reperfusion; (5) nitrotyrosine and poly-ADP-ribose formation; (6) pro-inflammatory cytokine production; (7) inducible nitric oxide synthase expression; (8) apoptosis as shown by TUNEL staining and (9) Bax/Bcl-2 expression. 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Glutamine treatment attenuates the development of ischaemia/reperfusion injury of the gut.

MONDELLO, STEFANIA;ITALIANO, DOMENICO;MONDELLO, PATRIZIA;ALOISI, Carmela;CUZZOCREA, Salvatore
2010

Abstract

Intestinal ischemia/reperfusion causes tissue hypoxia and damage, leading to the pathophysiology of inflammation. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of glutamine on the tissue injury caused by ischemia/reperfusion of the gut. Ischemia/reperfusion injury of the intestine was caused by clamping both the superior mesenteric artery and the celiac trunk for 30 min followed by the release of the clamp allowing reperfusion for 1h. This procedure results in splanchnic artery occlusion-injury. Based on our findings we propose that the amino acid glutamine, administered 15 min before reperfusion at the dose of 1.5mg/kg, i.v. may be useful in the treatment of various ischemia and reperfusion diseases. The present study was performed in order to determine the pharmacological effects of glutamine ischemia/reperfusion-induced intestinal injury in rats. In particular, to gain a better insight into the mechanism(s) of action of glutamine, we evaluated the following endpoints of the inflammatory response: (1) histological damage; (2) neutrophil infiltration of the reperfused intestine (MPO activity); (3) NF-kappaB activation and cytokines production; (4) expression of ICAM-1 and P-selectin during reperfusion; (5) nitrotyrosine and poly-ADP-ribose formation; (6) pro-inflammatory cytokine production; (7) inducible nitric oxide synthase expression; (8) apoptosis as shown by TUNEL staining and (9) Bax/Bcl-2 expression. 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/1910807
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 10
  • Scopus 52
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 48
social impact