To evaluate the changes in plasma and platelet serotonin (5-HT) as markers of the serotoninergic system in equines, 5-HT content was measured by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) in deproteinized plasma obtained from peripheral blood samples of 12 clinically healthy horses, before and after feeding. 5-HT was measured in platelet rich plasma (PRP) and in platelet poor plasma (PPP). 5-HT in platelets (p5-HT) was obtained by subtracting free 5-HT in PPP (f5-HT) from 5-HT in PRP. After food ingestion, significant increases in p5-HT and f5-HT (p < 0.001), and no changes in the f5-HT/p5-HT ratio were recorded. Increase in the total circulating 5-HT might account both for initiating peristaltic activity and for increasing the f5-HT levels. Augmented 5-HT uptake by platelets could reflect the hypothetical increased activity of the serotoninergic neurons. Besides showing the feasibility to obtain f5-HT and p5-HT through HPLC determination of 5-HT in PRP and PPP equine plasma, these findings are consistent with the postulation that 5-HT is released from enterochromaffin cells following a mechanical and chemical stimulation.

Modulation of peripheral markers of the serotoninergic system in healthy horses

ALBERGHINA, Daniela;
2011

Abstract

To evaluate the changes in plasma and platelet serotonin (5-HT) as markers of the serotoninergic system in equines, 5-HT content was measured by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) in deproteinized plasma obtained from peripheral blood samples of 12 clinically healthy horses, before and after feeding. 5-HT was measured in platelet rich plasma (PRP) and in platelet poor plasma (PPP). 5-HT in platelets (p5-HT) was obtained by subtracting free 5-HT in PPP (f5-HT) from 5-HT in PRP. After food ingestion, significant increases in p5-HT and f5-HT (p < 0.001), and no changes in the f5-HT/p5-HT ratio were recorded. Increase in the total circulating 5-HT might account both for initiating peristaltic activity and for increasing the f5-HT levels. Augmented 5-HT uptake by platelets could reflect the hypothetical increased activity of the serotoninergic neurons. Besides showing the feasibility to obtain f5-HT and p5-HT through HPLC determination of 5-HT in PRP and PPP equine plasma, these findings are consistent with the postulation that 5-HT is released from enterochromaffin cells following a mechanical and chemical stimulation.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/1912577
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