The investigations of the interaction between phospholipid bilayer and short- chain alcohols are relevant for the potential of lipid bilayer membranes to serve as model systems for studies of various biological processes including permeability of the plasma membrane and molecular mechanisms of anesthesia. Because the hy- drophobic portion of an alcohol favorably interacts with lipid hydrocarbon chains, the polar hydroxyl group remains free to form hydrogen bonds with polar lipid atoms that are located near the water/lipid interface. Experiments on phospho- lipid membranes have shown that alcohols can induce an interdigitated phase and at high concentration even promote the assembly of some lipids into non-bilayer structures within the membrane interior. In this paper we have investigated the DPPC:hexanol system at high alcohol concentration (two molecules per phospho- lipid) by means of calorimetric, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, X ray diffraction and density measurements. We have found that the presence of a high alcohol con- centration shifts the membrane transition temperature to lower values, and has a disordering effect on the phospholipid acyl chayns in the gel phase. The bilayer spacing and the area of polar head have been also derived for the liquid phase.

Interaction of alcohol with phospholipid membrane: NMR and XRD investigations on DPPC-hexanol system

WANDERLINGH, Ulderico;D'ANGELO, Giovanna;CONTI NIBALI, VALERIA;CRUPI, CRISTINA;RIFICI, SIMONA;CORSARO, CARMELO;SABATINO, Giuseppe
2010

Abstract

The investigations of the interaction between phospholipid bilayer and short- chain alcohols are relevant for the potential of lipid bilayer membranes to serve as model systems for studies of various biological processes including permeability of the plasma membrane and molecular mechanisms of anesthesia. Because the hy- drophobic portion of an alcohol favorably interacts with lipid hydrocarbon chains, the polar hydroxyl group remains free to form hydrogen bonds with polar lipid atoms that are located near the water/lipid interface. Experiments on phospho- lipid membranes have shown that alcohols can induce an interdigitated phase and at high concentration even promote the assembly of some lipids into non-bilayer structures within the membrane interior. In this paper we have investigated the DPPC:hexanol system at high alcohol concentration (two molecules per phospho- lipid) by means of calorimetric, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, X ray diffraction and density measurements. We have found that the presence of a high alcohol con- centration shifts the membrane transition temperature to lower values, and has a disordering effect on the phospholipid acyl chayns in the gel phase. The bilayer spacing and the area of polar head have been also derived for the liquid phase.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/1912605
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