Crystalline Cd(OH)2/CdCO3nanowires, having lengths in the range from 0.3 up to several microns and 5–30 nm in diameter, were synthesized by a microwave-assisted wet chemical route and used as a precursor to obtain CdO nanostructures after a suitable thermal treatment in air. The morphology and microstructure of the as-synthesized and annealed materials have been investigated by scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, x-ray diffraction and thermogravimetry–differential scanning calorimetry. The change in morphology and electrical properties with temperature has revealed a wire-to-rod transformation along with a decreases of electrical resistance. Annealed samples were printed on a ceramic substrate with interdigitated contacts to fabricate resistive solid state sensors. Gas sensing properties were explored by monitoring CO2in synthetic air in the concentration range 0.2–5 v/v% (2000–50 000 ppm). The effect of annealing temperature, working temperature and CO2concentration on sensing properties (sensitivity, response/recovery time and stability) were investigated. The results obtained demonstrate that CdO-based thick films have good potential as novel CO2sensors for practical applications.

CdO-based nanostructures as novel CO2 gas sensors

DONATO, Nicola;LATINO, MARIANGELA;NERI, Giovanni
2011

Abstract

Crystalline Cd(OH)2/CdCO3nanowires, having lengths in the range from 0.3 up to several microns and 5–30 nm in diameter, were synthesized by a microwave-assisted wet chemical route and used as a precursor to obtain CdO nanostructures after a suitable thermal treatment in air. The morphology and microstructure of the as-synthesized and annealed materials have been investigated by scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, x-ray diffraction and thermogravimetry–differential scanning calorimetry. The change in morphology and electrical properties with temperature has revealed a wire-to-rod transformation along with a decreases of electrical resistance. Annealed samples were printed on a ceramic substrate with interdigitated contacts to fabricate resistive solid state sensors. Gas sensing properties were explored by monitoring CO2in synthetic air in the concentration range 0.2–5 v/v% (2000–50 000 ppm). The effect of annealing temperature, working temperature and CO2concentration on sensing properties (sensitivity, response/recovery time and stability) were investigated. The results obtained demonstrate that CdO-based thick films have good potential as novel CO2sensors for practical applications.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/1912636
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