Regressive morphological lesions, found in peripheral lymphocytes from HIV+ patients, clearly conflict with normal cycle progression and with the execution of basic housekeeping and immune functions. With these lesions, circulating lymphocytes are destined to spontaneous and energy-independent cell lysis. By means of confocal microscopy and morphometry, we have quantified the rate of circulating T cells that are probably destined to emocatheresis in vivo. This rate includes lymphocytes in which nucleolin fragments have been scattered out of the nuclear region as a result of prelethal alterations in the nuclear membrane permeability. In terms of bioenergetics, these cells show evident anomalies in the energy production machinery that make them unable to carry out ATP-requiring functions. The extent of damaged cell fraction in peripheral blood reflects the frequency with which T lymphocytes leave lymphoid tissue to be cleared in hemocatheretic processes.

Bioenergetics of T Cell Activation and Death in HIV Type 1 Infection

VISALLI, GIUSEPPA;BERTUCCIO, MARIA PAOLA;CURRO', MONICA;PELLICANO', Giovanni Francesco;Giuseppe Sturniolo;SPATARO, Pasquale;IENTILE, Riccardo;PICERNO, Isa Anna Maria;CAVALLARI, Vittorio;PIEDIMONTE, Giuseppe
2012

Abstract

Regressive morphological lesions, found in peripheral lymphocytes from HIV+ patients, clearly conflict with normal cycle progression and with the execution of basic housekeeping and immune functions. With these lesions, circulating lymphocytes are destined to spontaneous and energy-independent cell lysis. By means of confocal microscopy and morphometry, we have quantified the rate of circulating T cells that are probably destined to emocatheresis in vivo. This rate includes lymphocytes in which nucleolin fragments have been scattered out of the nuclear region as a result of prelethal alterations in the nuclear membrane permeability. In terms of bioenergetics, these cells show evident anomalies in the energy production machinery that make them unable to carry out ATP-requiring functions. The extent of damaged cell fraction in peripheral blood reflects the frequency with which T lymphocytes leave lymphoid tissue to be cleared in hemocatheretic processes.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/1916450
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 3
  • Scopus 11
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 17
social impact