Several Juniperus species (Cupressaceae) are utilized in folk medicine in the treatment of infections and skin diseases. Objective: This work was designed to evaluate the antioxidant and antimicrobial potential of methanol and water branches extracts of Juniperus species from Turkey: Juniperus communis L. var. communis (Jcc), Juniperus communis L. var. saxatilis Pall. (Jcs), Juniperus drupacea Labill. (Jd), Juniperus oxycedrus L. subsp. oxycedrus (Joo), Juniperus oxycedrus L. subsp. macrocarpa (Sibth. & Sm.) Ball. (Jom). Materials and methods: Total phenolics, total flavonoids and condensed tannins were spectrophotometrically determined. The antioxidant properties were examined using different in vitro systems. The toxicity was assayed by Artemia salina lethality test. The antimicrobial potential against bacteria and yeasts was evaluated using minimum inhibitory concentration and minimum bactericidal concentration (MIC/MBC) measurements. The effect on bacteria biofilms was tested by microtiter plate assay. Results: Both in the DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2- picrylhydrazyl) and TBA (thiobarbituric acid) test Jom resulted the most active (IC 50=0.034±0.002mg/mL and 0.287±0.166 g/mL). Joo exhibited the highest reducing power (1.78±0.04 ASE/mL) and Fe 2+ chelating activity (IC 50=0.537±0.006mg/mL). A positive correlation between primary antioxidant activity and phenolic content was found. The extracts were potentially non-toxic against Artemia salina. They showed the best antimicrobial (MIC=4.88-30.10 g/mL) and anti-biofilm activity (6084%) against S. aureus. Discussion and conclusion: The results give a scientific basis to the traditional utilization of these Juniperus species, also demonstrating their potential as sources of natural antioxidant and antimicrobial compounds.

Antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of branches extracts of five Juniperus species from Turkey

TAVIANO, Maria Fernanda;MARINO, Andreana;TROVATO, Ada;BELLINGHIERI, VALENTINA;LA BARBERA, TOMMASO;DE PASQUALE, Rita;MICELI, Natalizia
2011

Abstract

Several Juniperus species (Cupressaceae) are utilized in folk medicine in the treatment of infections and skin diseases. Objective: This work was designed to evaluate the antioxidant and antimicrobial potential of methanol and water branches extracts of Juniperus species from Turkey: Juniperus communis L. var. communis (Jcc), Juniperus communis L. var. saxatilis Pall. (Jcs), Juniperus drupacea Labill. (Jd), Juniperus oxycedrus L. subsp. oxycedrus (Joo), Juniperus oxycedrus L. subsp. macrocarpa (Sibth. & Sm.) Ball. (Jom). Materials and methods: Total phenolics, total flavonoids and condensed tannins were spectrophotometrically determined. The antioxidant properties were examined using different in vitro systems. The toxicity was assayed by Artemia salina lethality test. The antimicrobial potential against bacteria and yeasts was evaluated using minimum inhibitory concentration and minimum bactericidal concentration (MIC/MBC) measurements. The effect on bacteria biofilms was tested by microtiter plate assay. Results: Both in the DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2- picrylhydrazyl) and TBA (thiobarbituric acid) test Jom resulted the most active (IC 50=0.034±0.002mg/mL and 0.287±0.166 g/mL). Joo exhibited the highest reducing power (1.78±0.04 ASE/mL) and Fe 2+ chelating activity (IC 50=0.537±0.006mg/mL). A positive correlation between primary antioxidant activity and phenolic content was found. The extracts were potentially non-toxic against Artemia salina. They showed the best antimicrobial (MIC=4.88-30.10 g/mL) and anti-biofilm activity (6084%) against S. aureus. Discussion and conclusion: The results give a scientific basis to the traditional utilization of these Juniperus species, also demonstrating their potential as sources of natural antioxidant and antimicrobial compounds.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/1917926
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