Aims: We investigated the effectiveness in vitro of the association between norfloxacin (NOR) and ursolic acid (UA) against Staphylococcus aureus. Methods and Results: The minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs), the minimal bactericidal concentrations, the bacterial killing and the postantibiotic effect (PAE) of NOR and UA were determined both singly and in combination. A synergistic interaction was observed against Staph. aureus ATCC 29213: the mean PAEs were 3h for NOR, -1·2h for UA (1×MIC) and 2·0h for UA (2×MIC). Synergism was observed with longer PAEs and postantibiotic sub-MIC effects after NOR/UA exposure. UA was also active against clinical isolates and methicillin-resistant Staph. aureus. Conclusions: The application of antimicrobial combinations may address the rising resistance to established classes of both systemic and topical agents. Significance and Impact of the Study: In vitro interactions between NOR and UA may contribute to the development of novel topical agents for the treatment of skin infections as well as for topical formulations.

Norfloxacin and ursolic acid: in vitro association and postantibiotic effect against Staphylococcus aureus.

FILOCAMO, ANGELA;BISIGNANO, CARLO;D'ARRIGO, Manuela;GINESTRA, GIOVANNA;MANDALARI, Giuseppina;GALATI, Enza Maria
2011

Abstract

Aims: We investigated the effectiveness in vitro of the association between norfloxacin (NOR) and ursolic acid (UA) against Staphylococcus aureus. Methods and Results: The minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs), the minimal bactericidal concentrations, the bacterial killing and the postantibiotic effect (PAE) of NOR and UA were determined both singly and in combination. A synergistic interaction was observed against Staph. aureus ATCC 29213: the mean PAEs were 3h for NOR, -1·2h for UA (1×MIC) and 2·0h for UA (2×MIC). Synergism was observed with longer PAEs and postantibiotic sub-MIC effects after NOR/UA exposure. UA was also active against clinical isolates and methicillin-resistant Staph. aureus. Conclusions: The application of antimicrobial combinations may address the rising resistance to established classes of both systemic and topical agents. Significance and Impact of the Study: In vitro interactions between NOR and UA may contribute to the development of novel topical agents for the treatment of skin infections as well as for topical formulations.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11570/1918530
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 8
  • Scopus 16
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 15
social impact