Activins and inhibins are regulatory proteins of the reproductive function. Inhibins antagonise the activin signalling at different levels and are responsible for the negative feedback in the regulation of the release of pituitary follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), which, in turn, is promoted by locally produced activins. In the canine ovary, both peptides are expressed by developing follicles and corpora lutea. Activins may play a stimulatory role in follicular development, promoting the aromatase function; inhibins modulate these processes and suppress the hyperplasic/neoplastic stimuli. Activins are required for ovulation and corpus luteum formation, while inhibins stimulate progesterone synthesis. The exclusive production of alpha-inhibin by granulosa cells allows the peptide to be used as marker to identify canine ovarian stromal tumours by immunohistochemistry. In the male, activins are powerful morphogenetic factors in the foetal testis. In the adult, they display a modulating action on spermatogenesis and Sertoli cell function. Inhibins, produced mainly by Leydig cells, promote testosterone secretion. Canine testicular tumours, such as Leydig, Sertoli and granulosa cell tumours (GCTs), may express inhibin subunits and produce high circulating levels of these glycoproteins. In the canine prostate, activins inhibit epithelium proliferation, antagonising androgen effects, but they are synthesised under androgenic stimulus.

Activins and Inhibins: Expression and Role in Normal and Pathological Canine Reproductive Organs: A review.

MARINO, Gabriele;ZANGHI', Antonina
2013-01-01

Abstract

Activins and inhibins are regulatory proteins of the reproductive function. Inhibins antagonise the activin signalling at different levels and are responsible for the negative feedback in the regulation of the release of pituitary follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), which, in turn, is promoted by locally produced activins. In the canine ovary, both peptides are expressed by developing follicles and corpora lutea. Activins may play a stimulatory role in follicular development, promoting the aromatase function; inhibins modulate these processes and suppress the hyperplasic/neoplastic stimuli. Activins are required for ovulation and corpus luteum formation, while inhibins stimulate progesterone synthesis. The exclusive production of alpha-inhibin by granulosa cells allows the peptide to be used as marker to identify canine ovarian stromal tumours by immunohistochemistry. In the male, activins are powerful morphogenetic factors in the foetal testis. In the adult, they display a modulating action on spermatogenesis and Sertoli cell function. Inhibins, produced mainly by Leydig cells, promote testosterone secretion. Canine testicular tumours, such as Leydig, Sertoli and granulosa cell tumours (GCTs), may express inhibin subunits and produce high circulating levels of these glycoproteins. In the canine prostate, activins inhibit epithelium proliferation, antagonising androgen effects, but they are synthesised under androgenic stimulus.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/1972221
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