Small hyaluronan (HA) fragments produced from native HA during inflammation contribute greatly to cell injury in many pathologies. HA oligosaccharides increase proinflammatory cytokine levels by activating both CD44 and toll-like receptor (TLR)-4. Stimulation of CD44 and TLR-4 then activates nuclear factor-κB, which induces the production of proinflammatory cytokines. The adenosine 2A receptor (A(2A) R) is also involved in several inflammation pathologies, and the nucleoside adenosine acts as a potent endogenous inhibitor of inflammation in various tissues by interacting with this receptor. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of an HA-blocking peptide that inhibits the proinflammatory action of HA oligosaccharides produced during inflammation, together with a specific A(2A) R agonist in a model of normal mouse articular chondrocytes stimulated with interleukin (IL)-1β. IL-1β stimulation significantly increased mRNA expression and the related protein production of TLR-4, TLR-2, CD44 and A(2A) R in articular chondrocytes. The induced nuclear factor-κB activation was also associated with increased levels of inflammatory cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor-α and IL-6, and other inflammatory mediators, such as matrix metalloprotease-13 and inducible nitric oxide synthase. Treatment of chondrocytes with the HA-blocking peptide Pep-1 and/or a specific A(2A) R agonist (CGS-21680) significantly reduced all of the inflammatory parameters upregulated by IL-1β. These results suggest that the inflammatory response may be reduced either by blocking oligosaccharides from HA degradation or by A(2A) R stimulation.

Adenosine A2A receptor activation and hyaluronan fragment inhibition reduce inflammation in mouse articular chondrocytes stimulated with interleukin-1beta

CAMPO, Giuseppe Maurizio;AVENOSO, Angela;D'ASCOLA, ANGELA;Scuruchi M;CALATRONI, Alberto;CAMPO, Salvatore Giuseppe
2012

Abstract

Small hyaluronan (HA) fragments produced from native HA during inflammation contribute greatly to cell injury in many pathologies. HA oligosaccharides increase proinflammatory cytokine levels by activating both CD44 and toll-like receptor (TLR)-4. Stimulation of CD44 and TLR-4 then activates nuclear factor-κB, which induces the production of proinflammatory cytokines. The adenosine 2A receptor (A(2A) R) is also involved in several inflammation pathologies, and the nucleoside adenosine acts as a potent endogenous inhibitor of inflammation in various tissues by interacting with this receptor. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of an HA-blocking peptide that inhibits the proinflammatory action of HA oligosaccharides produced during inflammation, together with a specific A(2A) R agonist in a model of normal mouse articular chondrocytes stimulated with interleukin (IL)-1β. IL-1β stimulation significantly increased mRNA expression and the related protein production of TLR-4, TLR-2, CD44 and A(2A) R in articular chondrocytes. The induced nuclear factor-κB activation was also associated with increased levels of inflammatory cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor-α and IL-6, and other inflammatory mediators, such as matrix metalloprotease-13 and inducible nitric oxide synthase. Treatment of chondrocytes with the HA-blocking peptide Pep-1 and/or a specific A(2A) R agonist (CGS-21680) significantly reduced all of the inflammatory parameters upregulated by IL-1β. These results suggest that the inflammatory response may be reduced either by blocking oligosaccharides from HA degradation or by A(2A) R stimulation.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/2036541
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