The aim of the present study was to investigate the existence of alterations of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability in rats injected with centrally acting drugs, by calculating a unidirectional blood-to-brain transfer constant (Ki) for the circulating tracer [14C]-alpha-aminoisobutyric acid. The intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of the dopaminergic antagonist haloperidol (1 mg kg-1) did not modify the regional BBB permeability. When the cholinomimetic agent arecoline hydrobromide (6.25 mg kg-1) was injected i.p. into methylatropine-pretreated rats, it induced a significant decrease of Ki values within the frontal cortex, parietal cortex, striatum and brain-stem. Our findings emphasize two concepts: (1) centrally acting drugs, such as arecoline, can induce changes in the BBB permeability, through several mechanisms; (2) there is no predictable correlation of drug stimulation of specific brain neuronal pathways and changes in the permeability of the BBB.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.