Ni and Co supported on SiO2 and Al2O3 silica cloth thin layer catalysts have been investigated in the catalytic decomposition of natural gas (CDNG) reaction. The influence of carrier nature and reaction temperature was evaluated with the aim to individuate the key factors affecting coke formation. Both Ni and Co silica supported catalysts, due to the low metal support interaction (MSI), promotes the formation of carbon filament with particles at tip. On the contrary, in case alumina was used as support, metals strongly interact with surface thus depressing both the metal sintering and the detachment of particles from catalyst surface. In such cases, carbon grows on metal particle with a “base mechanism” while particles remain well anchored on the catalyst surface. This allowed to realize a cyclic dual-step process based on methane decomposition and catalyst oxygen regeneration without deactivation of catalyst. Technological considerations have led to conclude that the implement of a process based on decomposition and regeneration of catalyst by oxidation requires the development of a robust catalytic system characterized by both a strong MSI and a well defined particle size distribution. In particular, the catalyst should be able to operate at high temperature, necessary to reach high methane conversion values (> 90%), avoiding at the same time the formation of both the carbon filaments with metal at tip or the encapsulating carbon which drastically deactivate the catalyst

H2 production by methane decomposition: Catalytic and technological aspects

FRUSTERI, francesco;ITALIANO, GIUSEPPE;ESPRO, Claudia;CANNILLA, CATIA;BONURA, GIUSEPPE
2012

Abstract

Ni and Co supported on SiO2 and Al2O3 silica cloth thin layer catalysts have been investigated in the catalytic decomposition of natural gas (CDNG) reaction. The influence of carrier nature and reaction temperature was evaluated with the aim to individuate the key factors affecting coke formation. Both Ni and Co silica supported catalysts, due to the low metal support interaction (MSI), promotes the formation of carbon filament with particles at tip. On the contrary, in case alumina was used as support, metals strongly interact with surface thus depressing both the metal sintering and the detachment of particles from catalyst surface. In such cases, carbon grows on metal particle with a “base mechanism” while particles remain well anchored on the catalyst surface. This allowed to realize a cyclic dual-step process based on methane decomposition and catalyst oxygen regeneration without deactivation of catalyst. Technological considerations have led to conclude that the implement of a process based on decomposition and regeneration of catalyst by oxidation requires the development of a robust catalytic system characterized by both a strong MSI and a well defined particle size distribution. In particular, the catalyst should be able to operate at high temperature, necessary to reach high methane conversion values (> 90%), avoiding at the same time the formation of both the carbon filaments with metal at tip or the encapsulating carbon which drastically deactivate the catalyst
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11570/2430062
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