4-mer hyaluronan (HA) oligosaccharides stimulate pro-inflammatory effects in different cell types by interacting with both the toll-like receptor 4 (TLR-4) and -2 (TLR-2). This interaction induces the activation of the transforming growth factor activated kinase-1 (TAK-1) that activates the nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kB) either directly and/or through the activation of p38-mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38-MAPK). This in turn induces the transcription of pro-inflammatory mediators that prime inflammation. Our aim was to investigate the involvement of TAK-1 and p38-MAPK in 4-mer HA oligosaccharide-induced inflammatory response in mouse synovial fibroblasts obtained from normal DBA/J1 mice (NSF) and from mice subjected to collagen-induced arthritis (CIA). Treatment of NSF and rheumatoid arthritis synovial fibroblasts (RASF) with 4-mer HA showed a marked up-regulation of TLR-4, TLR-2, TAK-1 and p38-MAPK mRNA expression and of the related proteins, as well as NF-kB activation. High levels were also detected of TNF-a,IL-1β,MMP-13 and iNOS. Treatment of NSF and RASF, previously stimulated with 4-mer HA oligosaccharides, with TAK-1 and/or p38-MAPK specific inhibitors significantly reduced all the parameters, although the inhibitory effect of p38-MAPK was less effective than that of TAK-1. The addition of CD44 antibody to both NSF and RASF showed that CD44 was not involved in 4-mer HA-induced inflammation

4-Mer Hyaluronan Oligosaccharides Stimulate Inflammation Response in Synovial Fibroblasts in Part via Tak-1 and in Part via P38-Mapk

CAMPO, Giuseppe Maurizio;AVENOSO, Angela;D'ASCOLA, ANGELA;Scuruchi M;CALATRONI, Alberto;CAMPO, Salvatore Giuseppe
2013

Abstract

4-mer hyaluronan (HA) oligosaccharides stimulate pro-inflammatory effects in different cell types by interacting with both the toll-like receptor 4 (TLR-4) and -2 (TLR-2). This interaction induces the activation of the transforming growth factor activated kinase-1 (TAK-1) that activates the nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kB) either directly and/or through the activation of p38-mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38-MAPK). This in turn induces the transcription of pro-inflammatory mediators that prime inflammation. Our aim was to investigate the involvement of TAK-1 and p38-MAPK in 4-mer HA oligosaccharide-induced inflammatory response in mouse synovial fibroblasts obtained from normal DBA/J1 mice (NSF) and from mice subjected to collagen-induced arthritis (CIA). Treatment of NSF and rheumatoid arthritis synovial fibroblasts (RASF) with 4-mer HA showed a marked up-regulation of TLR-4, TLR-2, TAK-1 and p38-MAPK mRNA expression and of the related proteins, as well as NF-kB activation. High levels were also detected of TNF-a,IL-1β,MMP-13 and iNOS. Treatment of NSF and RASF, previously stimulated with 4-mer HA oligosaccharides, with TAK-1 and/or p38-MAPK specific inhibitors significantly reduced all the parameters, although the inhibitory effect of p38-MAPK was less effective than that of TAK-1. The addition of CD44 antibody to both NSF and RASF showed that CD44 was not involved in 4-mer HA-induced inflammation
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/2436054
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