In recent years, HIV-1 integrase (IN) has emerged as an attractive target for novel anti-AIDS agents. In particular, nonactive-site-binding IN inhibitors would display synergy with current strand-transfer-specific IN inhibitors and other antiretroviral drugs in clinical use. An effective allosteric inhibitory approach would be the disruption of protein-protein interaction (PPI) between IN and cellular cofactors, such as LEDGF/p75. To date, several small molecules have been reported to be inhibitors of the PPI between IN and LEDGF/p75. In this study, we investigated the most relevant interactions between five selected PPI inhibitors and IN comparing them to the naturally occurring IN-LEDGF/p75 complex. We calculated the binding free energies by using the method of molecular mechanics-generalized Born surface area (MM-GBSA). Total energy was decomposed on per residue contribution, and hydrogen bond occupancies were monitored throughout the simulations. Considering all these results we obtained a good correlation with experimental activity and useful insights for the development of new inhibitors.

Insight into the Fundamental Interactions between LEDGF Binding Site Inhibitors and Integrase Combining Docking and Molecular Dynamics Simulations.

DE LUCA, Laura;CHIMIRRI, Alba
2012

Abstract

In recent years, HIV-1 integrase (IN) has emerged as an attractive target for novel anti-AIDS agents. In particular, nonactive-site-binding IN inhibitors would display synergy with current strand-transfer-specific IN inhibitors and other antiretroviral drugs in clinical use. An effective allosteric inhibitory approach would be the disruption of protein-protein interaction (PPI) between IN and cellular cofactors, such as LEDGF/p75. To date, several small molecules have been reported to be inhibitors of the PPI between IN and LEDGF/p75. In this study, we investigated the most relevant interactions between five selected PPI inhibitors and IN comparing them to the naturally occurring IN-LEDGF/p75 complex. We calculated the binding free energies by using the method of molecular mechanics-generalized Born surface area (MM-GBSA). Total energy was decomposed on per residue contribution, and hydrogen bond occupancies were monitored throughout the simulations. Considering all these results we obtained a good correlation with experimental activity and useful insights for the development of new inhibitors.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/2460421
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