A haloalkaliphilic, thermophilic Bacillus strain (T14), isolated from a shallow hydrothermal vent at Pan- area Island (Italy), produced a new exopolysaccharide (EPS). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain T14 was highly related (99 % similarity) to Bacillus licheniformis DSM 13T and Bacillus sonorensis DSM 13779T. Further DNA–DNA hybridiza- tion analysis revealed 79.40 % similarity with B. licheni- formis DSM 13T and 39.12 % with B. sonorensis DSM 13779T. Sucrose (5 %) was the most efficient carbon source for growth and EPS production. The highest EPS production (366 mg l-1) was yielded in fermenter culture at 300 rpm after 48 h of incubation. The purified fraction EPS1 contained fructose/fucose/glucose/galactosamine/ mannose in a relative proportion of 1.0:0.75:0.28:tr:tr and possessed a molecular weight of 1,000 kDa displaying a trisaccharide unit constituted by sugars with a b-manno- pyranosidic configuration. Screening for biological activity showed anti-cytotoxic effect of EPS1 against Avarol in brine shrimp test, indicating a potential use in the development of novel drugs.

A novel EPS-producing strain of Bacillus licheniformis isolated from a shallow vent off Panarea Island (Italy)

SPANO', ANTONIO;GUGLIANDOLO, Concetta;MAUGERI, Teresa Luciana;
2013-01-01

Abstract

A haloalkaliphilic, thermophilic Bacillus strain (T14), isolated from a shallow hydrothermal vent at Pan- area Island (Italy), produced a new exopolysaccharide (EPS). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain T14 was highly related (99 % similarity) to Bacillus licheniformis DSM 13T and Bacillus sonorensis DSM 13779T. Further DNA–DNA hybridiza- tion analysis revealed 79.40 % similarity with B. licheni- formis DSM 13T and 39.12 % with B. sonorensis DSM 13779T. Sucrose (5 %) was the most efficient carbon source for growth and EPS production. The highest EPS production (366 mg l-1) was yielded in fermenter culture at 300 rpm after 48 h of incubation. The purified fraction EPS1 contained fructose/fucose/glucose/galactosamine/ mannose in a relative proportion of 1.0:0.75:0.28:tr:tr and possessed a molecular weight of 1,000 kDa displaying a trisaccharide unit constituted by sugars with a b-manno- pyranosidic configuration. Screening for biological activity showed anti-cytotoxic effect of EPS1 against Avarol in brine shrimp test, indicating a potential use in the development of novel drugs.
2013
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/2510822
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