The role of “universal memory” can be successfully satisfied by magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJs) where the writing mechanism is based on spin-transfer torque. An improvement in the switching properties (lower switching current density maintaining the thermal stability) has been achieved in MTJs with interfacial perpendicular anisotropy (IPA) at the interface between CoFeB and MgO. In this paper, micromagnetic simulations point out the influence of IPA and saturation magnetization (MS) on the properties of fast magnetization reversal achieved in 5, 10 and 20 ns. Both cases of in-plane and out-of-plane free layer are considered. In addition, the thermal effect is included for the in-plane switching at 20 ns and a complete analysis of energy dissipation during the switching is illustrated, demonstrating that, in order to balance the energy losses and the thermal stability, an optimal value of IPA exists.

Switching Properties in Magnetic Tunnel Junctions with Interfacial Perpendicular Anisotropy: Micromagnetic Study

PULIAFITO, Vito;AZZERBONI, Bruno;FINOCCHIO, Giovanni
2014

Abstract

The role of “universal memory” can be successfully satisfied by magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJs) where the writing mechanism is based on spin-transfer torque. An improvement in the switching properties (lower switching current density maintaining the thermal stability) has been achieved in MTJs with interfacial perpendicular anisotropy (IPA) at the interface between CoFeB and MgO. In this paper, micromagnetic simulations point out the influence of IPA and saturation magnetization (MS) on the properties of fast magnetization reversal achieved in 5, 10 and 20 ns. Both cases of in-plane and out-of-plane free layer are considered. In addition, the thermal effect is included for the in-plane switching at 20 ns and a complete analysis of energy dissipation during the switching is illustrated, demonstrating that, in order to balance the energy losses and the thermal stability, an optimal value of IPA exists.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11570/2568768
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