Benzene represents an ubiquitous pollutant both in theworkplace and in the general environment. Health risk and stress posed by benzene have long been a concern because of the carcinogenic effects of the compound which was classified as a Group 1 carcinogen to humans and animals. There is a close correlation between leukemia, especially acutemyeloid leukemia, and benzene exposure. In addition, exposure to benzene can cause harmful effects on immunological, neurological, and reproductive systems. Benzene can directly damage hematopoietic progenitor cells, which in turn could lead to apoptosis or may decrease responsiveness to cytokines and cellular adhesionmolecules. Alternatively, benzene toxicity to stromal cells ormature blood cells could disrupt the regulation of hematopoiesis, including hematopoietic commitment, maturation, ormobilization, through the network of cytokines, chemokines, and adhesion molecules. Today there is mounting evidence that benzene may alter the gene expression, production, or processing of several cytokines in vitro and in vivo.The purpose of this review was to systematically analyze the published cases of cytokine effects on human benzene exposure, particularly hematotoxicity, and atopy, and on lungs.

Cytokine Network Involvement in Subjects Exposed to Benzene.

MINCIULLO, PAOLA LUCIA
;
NAVARRA, Michele;CALAPAI, Gioacchino;GANGEMI, Sebastiano
2014

Abstract

Benzene represents an ubiquitous pollutant both in theworkplace and in the general environment. Health risk and stress posed by benzene have long been a concern because of the carcinogenic effects of the compound which was classified as a Group 1 carcinogen to humans and animals. There is a close correlation between leukemia, especially acutemyeloid leukemia, and benzene exposure. In addition, exposure to benzene can cause harmful effects on immunological, neurological, and reproductive systems. Benzene can directly damage hematopoietic progenitor cells, which in turn could lead to apoptosis or may decrease responsiveness to cytokines and cellular adhesionmolecules. Alternatively, benzene toxicity to stromal cells ormature blood cells could disrupt the regulation of hematopoiesis, including hematopoietic commitment, maturation, ormobilization, through the network of cytokines, chemokines, and adhesion molecules. Today there is mounting evidence that benzene may alter the gene expression, production, or processing of several cytokines in vitro and in vivo.The purpose of this review was to systematically analyze the published cases of cytokine effects on human benzene exposure, particularly hematotoxicity, and atopy, and on lungs.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11570/2807770
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