Cadmium (Cd) is a human carcinogen that likely acts via epigenetic mechanisms. However, the precise role of Cd in melanoma remains to be defined. The goals of this study are to: (i) examine the effect of Cd on the proliferation rate of cutaneous and uveal melanoma cells; (ii) identify the genes affected by Cd exposure; (iii) understand whether epigenetic changes are involved in the response to Cd. The cell growth capacity increased at 48h after Cd treatment at doses ranging from 0.5 to 10μМ. The research on the key genes regulating proliferation has shown that aberrant methylation is responsible for silencing of p16INK4A and caspase 8 in uveal and cutaneous melanoma cells, respectively. The methylation and expression patterns of p14ARF, death receptors 4/5, and E-cadherin remained unmodified after Cd treatment in all the cell lines analyzed. Ectopic expression of p16INK4A abolished the overgrowth of uveal melanoma cells in response to Cd and the overexpression of caspase 8 drastically increased the apoptotic rate of Cd-treated cutaneous melanoma cells. In conclusion, our data suggest that hypermethylation of p16INK4A and caspase 8 represents the most common event linked to Cd-induced stimulation of cell growth and inhibition of cell death pathway in melanoma.

Epigenetic marks responsible for cadmium-induced melanoma cell overgrowth

VENZA, Mario
Primo
;
VISALLI, Maria;BIONDO, Carmelo;OTERI, ROSARIA;AGLIANO, FEDERICA;TETI, Diana
;
VENZA, Isabella
Ultimo
2015-01-01

Abstract

Cadmium (Cd) is a human carcinogen that likely acts via epigenetic mechanisms. However, the precise role of Cd in melanoma remains to be defined. The goals of this study are to: (i) examine the effect of Cd on the proliferation rate of cutaneous and uveal melanoma cells; (ii) identify the genes affected by Cd exposure; (iii) understand whether epigenetic changes are involved in the response to Cd. The cell growth capacity increased at 48h after Cd treatment at doses ranging from 0.5 to 10μМ. The research on the key genes regulating proliferation has shown that aberrant methylation is responsible for silencing of p16INK4A and caspase 8 in uveal and cutaneous melanoma cells, respectively. The methylation and expression patterns of p14ARF, death receptors 4/5, and E-cadherin remained unmodified after Cd treatment in all the cell lines analyzed. Ectopic expression of p16INK4A abolished the overgrowth of uveal melanoma cells in response to Cd and the overexpression of caspase 8 drastically increased the apoptotic rate of Cd-treated cutaneous melanoma cells. In conclusion, our data suggest that hypermethylation of p16INK4A and caspase 8 represents the most common event linked to Cd-induced stimulation of cell growth and inhibition of cell death pathway in melanoma.
2015
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/2989968
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