One strategy to create chemical and physical cross-links simultaneously is to introduce into the chemical network hydrogen bonding with clay nanofillers. Understanding the relaxation mechanisms of these systems is crucially important and has drawn the extensive interest of many scientists. In this work, the influence of different amounts of montmorillonite on the structural and rheological properties of guar gum hydrogels was investigated. Depending on the clay content, different nanostructures were identified by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and their effect on the rheological properties of the dual hydrogels was studied. From stress and frequency sweep tests it emerged that all the samples exhibit a weak gel behavior and showed a maximum for G that can be ascribed to the breaking and reforming of transient physical crosslinks. This relaxation mode is more pronounced for the hydrogel for which a minimum in the swelling degree was observed. On the basis of these results, a model structure was proposed according to which the clay sheets act as effective multifunctional cross-linkers. The more homogeneously dispersed are the clay platelets, the higher is the density of physical crosslinks.

Effect of montmorillonite on the rheological properties of dually crosslinked guar gum-based hydrogels

BRANCA, Caterina
Primo
;
CRUPI, CRISTINA;D'ANGELO, Giovanna;KHOUZAMI, KHAOULA;RIFICI, SIMONA;VISCO, Annamaria
Penultimo
;
WANDERLINGH, Ulderico
Ultimo
2015

Abstract

One strategy to create chemical and physical cross-links simultaneously is to introduce into the chemical network hydrogen bonding with clay nanofillers. Understanding the relaxation mechanisms of these systems is crucially important and has drawn the extensive interest of many scientists. In this work, the influence of different amounts of montmorillonite on the structural and rheological properties of guar gum hydrogels was investigated. Depending on the clay content, different nanostructures were identified by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and their effect on the rheological properties of the dual hydrogels was studied. From stress and frequency sweep tests it emerged that all the samples exhibit a weak gel behavior and showed a maximum for G that can be ascribed to the breaking and reforming of transient physical crosslinks. This relaxation mode is more pronounced for the hydrogel for which a minimum in the swelling degree was observed. On the basis of these results, a model structure was proposed according to which the clay sheets act as effective multifunctional cross-linkers. The more homogeneously dispersed are the clay platelets, the higher is the density of physical crosslinks.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/3069803
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